A study presented at the American Heart Association’s EPI/NPAM 2013 Scientific Sessions shows that canola and high-oleic canola oils may lower abdominal fat when used in place of other selected oil blends in a heart-healthy diet for weight maintenance.
In the multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, 121 participants at risk for metabolic syndrome (a group of five risk factors characterized by increased belly fat, low “good” HDL cholesterol, and above average blood sugar, blood pressure, and triglycerides) were all given a weight maintenance, heart-healthy diet with a daily smoothie containing one of five study oils. This process was repeated for the remaining four oils.
Results showed that those who consumed canola or high-oleic canola oils on a daily basis for four weeks lowered their belly fat by 1.6%. Abdominal fat was unchanged by the other three oils, which included a flax/safflower oil blend, corn/safflower oil blend, and high-oleic canola oil enriched with an algal source of the omega-3 DHA. Both the flax/safflower and corn/safflower oil blends were low in monounsaturated fat.
“Monounsaturated fat appears to be responsible for these benefits,” said Penny Kris-Etherton, Professor of Nutrition at the Pennsylvania State University and one of the lead researchers. “Reducing abdominal fat is one way that dietary MUFA may decrease metabolic syndrome risk factors.”