Lesson 4 Glossary

CAD (Computer-Aided Design)

The use of computers in interactive engineering drawing and storage of designs. Programs complete the layout, geometric transformations, projections, rotations, magnifications and interval (cross-section) views of a part and its relationship with other parts.

CAM (Computer-Aided Manufacturing)

Use of computers to program, direct and control production equipment in the fabrication of manufactured items.

MRPII (Manufacturing Resource Planning)

A method for the effective planning of all resources of a manufacturing company.

CIM (Computer-Integrated Manufacturing)

The integration of the total manufacturing organization through the use of computer systems and managerial philosophies that improve the organization's effectiveness; the application of a computer to bridge various computerized systems and connect them into a coherent, integrated whole. For example, budgets, CAD/CAM, process controls, groups technology systems, MRPII, financial reporting systems, etc., are linked and interfaced.