JFS Author Guidelines

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MISSION STATEMENT

The Institute of Food TechnologistsTM (IFT) publishes peer-reviewed scientific journals to provide subscribers with high-quality scientific information in the area of food science and technology. The Journal of Food Science (JFS), available with subscription online and/or in print , provides results of original research and short interpretive reviews on the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of food science and technology. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety (CRFSFS), available online only, free to access, provides in-depth interpretive reviews in these same areas, and in risk analysis. The Journal of Food Science Education (JFSE), available online only, free to access, provides information relevant to those involved in food science education at all levels.

IFT is dedicated to maintaining the highest standards of professional ethics, accuracy, and quality in all matters related to handling manuscripts and reporting scientific information.

AIM AND SCOPE

The aim of the Journal of Food Science is to offer scientists an international forum for research at the forefront of food science. The Journal of Food Science publishes peer-reviewed articles that cover all aspects of food science, including the interrelationships with health and nutrition. Manuscript length for all sections, except Concise Reviews and Hypotheses in Food Science, should be no more than 7,500 words (including references but excluding tables and figures). Concise reviews should be less than 10,000 words (including references but excluding tables and figures).Our goal is to publish articles that advance the science of food. Manuscripts that cover a simple comparison among treatments, without demonstrating advances to the science beyond treatment effects, may be returned without review. To be acceptable, a manuscript, in addition to being of high quality, must be considered important and relevant by the majority of our readers. Manuscripts with only local interest and/or a lack of significant scientific contribution will not be considered.

Editor-in-Chief: E. Allen Foegeding

JOURNAL POLICIES

Authorship Criteria and Author Responsibilities

Author criteria
Authorship is restricted to those who have contributed substantially to one or more of the following aspects of the work: conception, planning, execution, writing, interpretation, or statistical analysis. Each author’s primary contribution(s) should be listed in your manuscript.

All authors must be willing to assume public responsibility for the validity of the work.

Ghost, guest, honorary, or anonymous authorship is not allowed. Contributors who do not qualify for authorship should be mentioned in the acknowledgments.

Exclusivity of work
The corresponding author must verify, on behalf of all authors (if more than one), that neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content has been published, accepted for publication, or is being considered for publication elsewhere, except as described in an attachment. It is the authors’ responsibility to ensure the integrity of all submitted works. For further guidance, see the Wiley-Blackwell Publication Ethics Guide at http://www.wiley.com/bw/publicationethics/.

The editorial staff will check all manuscripts for plagiarism and improperly-cited content with similarity detection software. If sections are found that are 1) the same as in authors’ previous manuscripts (self-plagiarism) or 2) copied from other manuscripts, they will be considered ethical violations and the manuscript will be rejected and author sanctions considered.

Each author must disclose any meaningful affiliation or involvement, either direct or indirect, with any organization or entity with a direct financial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed (for example, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, grants, patents received or pending, royalties, honoraria, expert testimony). These kinds of financial involvement are fairly common, unavoidable, and generally do not constitute a basis for rejecting a manuscript. If deemed appropriate by the Scientific Editor, a general statement regarding disclosure will be included in the Acknowledgment section of the manuscript. The Acknowledgment section must also reveal all sources of support for the work, both financial and material.

Ethical issues
If the work involves experimentation on living animals, authors must provide evidence that it was performed in accordance with local ethical guidelines. In the case of work involving human beings, evidence must be provided that it was performed with the approval of the local ethics committee.

Authors are expected to adhere to established ethical best practices, such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) International Standards for Authors, online at http://publicationethics.org/resources/international-standards.

Copyright
The corresponding author will be asked to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement on behalf of all authors upon acceptance of the manuscript transferring copyright to IFT (except in cases where the work cannot be copyrighted e.g., works authored solely by U.S. government employees as part of their employment duties).

Reproduction of all or any significant portion of an IFT publication is prohibited unless permission is received from IFT. Authors have the right to reproduce portions of their own papers with proper acknowledgment and retain the right to any patentable subject material that might be contained therein. Authors can obtain permission online through Rightslink, which is an automated online permissions service available 24 hours/day. You can do so by locating the article you want to reuse and clicking on the “Request Permissions” link under the “Article Tools” menu on the abstract page. Go to http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/%28ISSN%291750-3841/homepage/Permissions.html for more details.

Disclaimer
Opinions expressed in articles published in an IFT journal are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent opinions of IFT. IFT does not guarantee the appropriateness, for any purpose, of any method, product, process or device described or identified in an article. Trade names, when used, are only for identification and do not constitute endorsement by IFT.

Criteria for Manuscript Acceptance
Factors considered when judging the suitability of a manuscript for publication are: Interest readers will have in the subject; Relevance to human foods; Originality, scientific quality (including appropriateness of the experimental design and methods, depth of investigation, proper statistical analysis of the data); Importance and substance of the results, and the thoroughness and accuracy with which the results are interpreted. IFT membership is not a prerequisite for publication.

There is a 7,500 word limit for research papers in Journal of Food Science. For Concise Reviews and Hypotheses papers, there is a 10,000 word limit. Reviews over 10,000 words should be submitted to Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety.

Page and Color Charges
There are no page charges for IFT members. To join IFT to take advantage of this benefit, visit ift.org/membership.
For non-IFT-members, page charges of $120 per page are assessed just prior to publication. When payment is possible only from personal funds, and this would impose undue financial hardship, a request for full or partial waiver of this charge may be made, provided this request is made prior to publication. In this instance, a written statement certifying that the author’s employer is unable to pay because of financial distress, and that the author cannot personally pay because this would impose an undue financial burden, signed by both the author and the employer, should be sent to the Editorial Office via fax at 312.596.5676 or via email at jfs@ift.org.

Papers published in the Concise Reviews and Hypotheses in Food Science section are exempt from page charges.

For all authors, there is a $500 fee per figure for color figures in print. By default we will publish color on the web but greyscale in print at no charge.

OnlineOpen
OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers upon publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author’s funding agency, or the author’s institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency’s preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see http://wileyonlinelibrary.com/onlineopen#OnlineOpen_Terms Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at: https://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/onlineopen_order.asp

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal’s standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Reprints
Following acceptance of a paper and prior to publication, the author will be given the opportunity to order reprints. Ordering information is included with the manuscript’s page proof. Reprints can also be ordered any time after publication.

Permission to Publish
If the paper has been presented at a meeting of an organization other than IFT, the author must certify that he/she has freedom to offer it to IFT for publication.

Letters to the Editor
Comments, observations, different perspectives, and suggestions for improving concepts and techniques previously published, or for the need for research in specific areas, are welcome and accepted by all three journals. Send letters to E. Allen Foegeding at allen_foegeding@ncsu.edu.

Feature Articles and Cover Images
Each issue of JFS has a cover image depicting the results of a manuscript published in that issue. Credit is given to the authors and paper within the table of contents. Authors may submit images for consideration to be on the cover; the minimum quality requirement is 300 dpi at 8” x 8” as a native file in TIFF or EPS format. For more detail on cover image submission, contact the journal office at jfs@ift.org.

The editors may choose an article to feature in each issue. Featured Articles will be selected based on 1) originality and impact on Food Science and 2) the image used to convey the significant findings. If your manuscript is selected as the Featured Article, it will have an image on the cover and be highlighted in the issue. Images do not have to be the same as figures presented in the article. They can be composite works showing several data images and words to concisely convey the message. You may indicate in the submission form if you would like your paper to be considered for a Feature Article, and be prepared to submit an appropriate cover image to the editorial office after acceptance.

Referrals to the Wiley Open Access Journal Food Science & Nutrition
JFS works together with Wiley’s Open Access Journal, Food Science & Nutrition, to enable rapid publication of good quality research that is unable to be accepted for publication by our journal. Authors will be offered the option of having the paper, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Editor of Food Science & Nutrition. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. The Editor of Food Science & Nutrition will accept submissions that report well-conducted research which reaches the standard acceptable for publication. Food Science & Nutrition is a Wiley Open Access journal and article publication fees apply. For more information, please go to www.foodscience-nutrition.com .

AIMS & SCOPES OF JFS SECTIONS

Sections

Concise Reviews and Hypotheses in Food Science
Scientific Editor: E. Allen Foegeding. This section covers all aspects of food science identified in the descriptions of sections in JFS. Reviews should provide in-depth coverage of a narrowly defined topic, and embody careful evaluation of all pertinent studies (weaknesses, strengths, and explanation of discrepancies in results among similar studies), so that insightful interpretations and conclusions can be presented. Hypothesis manuscripts are appropriate in pioneering areas of research or important areas that are impacted by scientific controversy.

Food Chemistry
Scientific Editor: Youling Xiong. Basic and applied chemical research on food constituents to understand their role in determining food quality, safety, nutrition, and health. The constituents may include those that are naturally present (e.g. macro- and micro-nutrients, fibers, and phytochemicals) or added (e.g. additives, preservatives, and functional ingredients) to the food. Manuscripts lacking focused chemical research to address a specific hypothesis or mechanism; establish or improve an analytical method; or improve the current understanding of food chemistry; will be outside the Aim and Scope of the Food Chemistry section.

Food Engineering and Physical Properties
Scientific Editor: Shyam Sablani. Original research on engineering aspects of unit operations associated with food preservation/processing and food waste recovery, with emphasis on systems design and analysis, modeling, simulation, and optimization, as well as: measurement and interpretation of physical, rheological, and thermodynamic properties, and materials science of food and food packaging, including surface properties and interactions, and glass transitions. Manuscripts on food properties should contain quantitative supporting data and interpretation of observations in terms of either microstructure or chemical composition.

Food Microbiology and Safety
Scientific Editor: Catherine Donnelly. Original research on basic and applied aspects of foodborne pathogens and spoilage organisms; food fermentation and preservation; microbial growth and inactivation; and microbial detection methods. Efficacy of new processing technologies for achieving microbial inactivation; molecular basis for microbial inactivation and inhibition through genome sequencing and mapping; molecular technologies to assist in the rapid identification and discrimination of target pathogens; behavior of probiotic bacteria and starter cultures towards bacterial pathogens; microbiological criteria for foods for regulatory and food safety assurance; epidemiological surveillance of bacterial pathogens; novel chemicals, food components, or technologies which promote food safety by achieving microbial/viral/parasite inactivation or inhibition; and mathematical modeling to predict the behavior of pathogen/food interactions.

Sensory and Food Quality
Scientific Editor: Herbert Stone. Original and applied research related to the sensory and quality assessment of products. The evaluations may cover appearance, aroma, taste in the mouth, texture in the mouth, and aftertaste. They could also include liking/preference, but not from the same subjects/consumers. Consumer evaluations that contain imagery and related measures in addition to liking/preferences also are welcome. Research about quality including variables such as ingredients, processing, packaging, and shelf-life are also of interest as are new proposals for data analysis. Quantitative information is emphasized.

Nanoscale Food Science, Engineering, and Technology
Scientific Editor: Shyam Sablani. Original research on fundamental principles of producing, analyzing, and characterizing nanoscale food particles (materials with at least 1 dimension at roughly between 1 to 100 nm); detection, identification, quantification, and characterization of engineered nanoscale particles in food; nanoscale-based devices and systems for detection and intervention technologies for food safety and quality; characterization and standards include transport phenomena, kinetics, catalysis, and rheological investigations on functionality of nanoscale food particles in dispersions, gels, foams, and emulsions; experimental and theoretical studies on product stability and sensory properties; toxicological, physiological, and metabolic studies; societal considerations; application of nonfood nanoscale particles that extend the shelf life of foods, such as packaging.

Health, Nutrition, and Food
Scientific Editor: Tung-Ching Lee. Original research that integrates food science and technology with applied personal and public health nutrition. Topics may include: studies on nutritional and health impacts of foods and food components using human subjects or appropriate animal models; adaptation and application of technologies that enhance the content and/or biological availability of healthful components in foods; effects of postharvest handling, processing, and storage on the stability and biological activity of bioactive food components and nutraceuticals; preparation and analysis of functional foods; and methods development for analysis of bioactive food ingredients and their metabolites. Authors are encouraged to use modern concepts of translational science to rapidly move fundamental research to proof of principle and finally into practical use. Manuscripts will be rejected for the following reasons: 1.Study of non-food based materials (e.g. derivatives from chemical, biochemical, and/or other process). 2. Study without sufficient qualitatively and quantitatively data on the chemical identification, characterization, and standardization relating to all individual bioactive components involved.

Toxicology and Chemical Food Safety
Scientific Editor: Lauren S. Jackson. Original research papers on occurrence, safety and toxicological evaluation, detoxification, conditions of formation and destruction, analysis, regulatory control, and surveillance of natural and man-made chemical compounds in food including pesticide and veterinary drug residues, environmental contaminants, anti-nutritive compounds, natural toxins, mycotoxins, trace elements, migrants from food packaging, contaminants and toxic components formed during food processing, and food allergens; toxic effects, in animals or humans, of natural or man-made chemical compounds occurring in food and possible adverse health effects created by the interaction of components within the food matrix to scripted or OTC medications or dietary supplements. Manuscripts that do not cover topics pertaining to the occurrence, analysis, formation, safety or toxicological properties of natural and man-made chemical constituents or contaminants in food; lack research focus; or do not improve the current understanding of chemical food safety and toxicology are outside the scope of the section.

Performance Attributes

  • Data from Journal Citation Reports, 2013 Impact Factor 1.791; Ranking: 38/123.
  • Acceptance rate (2013): about 16%

PREPARING YOUR MANUSCRIPT

General Instructions

Language, units of measurement, and symbols
Use the English language (American spelling and usage) and the SI system (Système International d’Unités, often referred to as “International Units”) for measurements and units.

Style and format
Your manuscript should be consistent with the Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. 2006, 7th ed. (New York: Cambridge Univ. Press). For convenience, refer to articles in current issues of the Journal of Food Science for examples, or contact the JFS Editorial Office (jfs@ift.org) with your questions.

Page format
Continuous line-numbering for the entire manuscript is mandatory.

Double-space entire manuscript.

Submitted manuscripts must list full names for all authors; that is, full first/given name(s), middle initial(s), and last/surname(s).

Failure to comply with these formatting instructions can result in automatic rejection of the manuscript.

Try to restrict individual file sizes to 5Mb maximum. Larger files may be hosted, but these can lead to download issues for users. Files over 10Mb will be rejected outright unless special arrangements have been made with the Editorial Office.

Manuscripts on Original Research
A manuscript template in Microsoft® Word is available at 

http://www.ift.org/knowledge-center/read-ift-publications/journal-of-food-science/~/media/Knowledge%20Center/Publications/IFT_SciJournals_ManuscriptTemplate2013.doc

Refer also to “Supplementary Instructions” on the IFT Web site ift.org if your manuscript deals with one of the following special topics: Sensory Evaluation, Nutrition, Food Engineering, Food Microbiology, Seafood Technology, Fruit & Vegetable Products, or Foodservice.

Title page
Enter name of desired section. The editors may transfer your paper to a more appropriate section if it does not fit the scope of the section you choose.

Enter full title (be concise) Do not use trade names in titles. Do not use abbreviations and acronyms in titles.

Enter name(s) of author(s) and author affiliation(s) with complete address(es).

Provide contact information for the corresponding author, including full name, complete mailing address, phone, fax, and e-mail address.

Enter the word count of the body text, including Abstract, Practical Application, and references but not including tables and figures. For JFS reaserch papers, limit the body text to 7,500 words or less; for Concise Reviews and Hypotheses papers, limit the body text to 10,000 words or less.

Enter short version of title (less than 40 letters and spaces).

Provide previous address(es) of author(s) if research was conducted at a place different from current affiliation.

Abstract
Enter “ABSTRACT:” followed by abstract text not exceeding 250 words; define all acronyms and abbreviations; do not cite references. State in one paragraph what was done, how it was done, major results, and conclusions.

Upon submission in ScholarOne Manuscripts, you will be asked to provide 5 keywords for indexing purposes. It is highly recommended to choose keywords from our established list in ScholarOne Manuscripts, when possible, to aid in consistency.

Practical Application (research papers only)
The Practical Application is used to highlight your paper for exposure to industry and news media outlets, and may make information about your research more widely known to the public. Authors are encouraged to submit a Practical Application since it will enhance exposure and may result in an increase in citations for the paper.

Optional: enter “Practical Application:” followed by a brief description, in layman’s terms, of the potential industrial or consumer application of the research presented in your paper. Keep the description under 100 words, about 1 to 3 sentences, and in language non-scientists can easily understand. The brief should describe probable uses for your work, whether for direct commercial application, to aid in further research efforts, or for consumer impact. Do not make unreasonable claims that cannot be derived from the work described in the paper.

Introduction
Enter introductory text; review pertinent work; cite key references; explain the importance of the topic and the objectives of your work.

Materials and Methods
Enter text in sufficient detail so work can be repeated. Describe new methods in detail; accepted methods briefly with references. Use subheadings as needed for clarity.

Trade names should be avoided in defining products whenever possible. If use of a trade name cannot be avoided, the trade names of other like products also should be mentioned. The first use of a trade name should be followed by the superscript symbol™ or ® and the owner’s name, city, state/province, and country in parenthesis. If a product trade name is used, it is imperative that the product be described in sufficient detail so that relationships between product composition and results achieved are evident.

The mention of critical, especially novel, supplies and pieces of equipment should be followed, in parenthesis, by name of manufacturer or provider, and on the first mention only, city, state/province, and country (such as Sigma-Aldrich Corp., St. Louis, Mo., U.S.A.).

Abbreviations and acronyms. At first use in the text, use full length form, then follow with acronym in parentheses.

Statistical analysis. If variation within a treatment (coefficient of variation—the standard deviation divided by the mean) is less than 10% and the difference among treatment means is greater than 3 standard deviations, it is not necessary to conduct a statistical analysis. If the data do not meet these criteria, appropriate statistical analysis must be conducted and reported.

Results and Discussion
Present and discuss results concisely, using figures and tables as needed. Do not present the same information in both figures and tables. Compare results to those previously reported and clearly indicate what new information is contributed by the present study.

Conclusions
State conclusions (not a summary or continuing discussion) briefly in one paragraph and without references.

Acknowledgments
List sources of financial or material support and the names of individuals whose contributions were significant but not deserving of authorship. Any conflicts of interest should be entered here (see section II. A. 3.). Acknowledgment of an employer’s permission to publish is not needed and will not be published.

Author Contributions
List each author’s name and primary contribution(s) to this work. For example, “B. Yu designed the study and interpreted the results. L. Smith collected test data and drafted the manuscript.”

References
Alphabetically list only those references cited in the text.

Required format is described in the sidebar.

Tables
Enter one table per page after the references. Be sure you have cited each table within the text.

Enter a short descriptive caption at the top of each table, preceded by an identifying Arabic numeral.

Columns and their headings are normally (but not always) used to display the dependent variable(s) being presented in the table. Footnotes should be identified by lowercase letters or numbers (e.g., a, b, c; 1, 2, 3) appearing as superscripts in the body of the table and preceding the footnote below the table. The same data should not appear in both tables and figures.

All data reported in numerical form must take into account significant figures.

Tables including a large amount of data with few significant differences should instead be described in a sentence along with “(data not shown)”.

Figures (graphs, charts, photographs, and other illustrations)(Also see Graphics Guide)

General instructions
Enter one figure per page after the tables (if any). Be sure you have cited each figure within the text.

Enter the figure number and descriptive caption at the bottom of each figure.

You are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted figures. Proof of permission to reproduce is required.

Submit your figures at least twice the size they will appear when published at 300 dots per inch (dpi) or greater.

Be sure to use lettering, data lines, and symbols sufficiently large and thick to be clearly legible when the figure is reduced to the normal published size.

All data reported in numerical form must take into account significant figures.

Avoid redundancy between the figure caption and information in the figure.

By default, figures submitted in color will be published in color online but grayscale in print at no charge.

If color is necessary for the print edition, please note this at the indicated point in the submission form. There is a color printing fee of $500 per figure, invoiced before publication.

Special instructions for graphs
Keep as simple as possible.

Dependent variable should be presented on the vertical axis (y or ordinate).

Independent variable should be presented on the horizontal axis (x or abscissa).

The label for each axis should be parallel to, and centered on, the axis; that is, the label for the vertical axis should be rotated 90° counterclockwise from normal.

Axis labels should be followed by the units of measurement in parentheses, with abbreviations shown elsewhere in these Instructions.

Range of values presented on each axis should be no larger than the range of values being presented.

All data reported in numerical form must take into account significant figures.

If data lines are close together and/or intersect, do not present more than 4 lines per figure.

If data lines are well separated and few or none intersect, a maximum of about 8 lines per figure may be entered.

Identify lines directly, if feasible. If not, enter key box at a blank area inside the graph.

Avoid simultaneous use of a new symbol and a new line style.

Avoid, if possible, presenting more than 8 data bars per figure.

Avoid using shades of gray on bars or lines.

Appendix or supplemental materials (usually not needed)
Appendix examples are complicated calculations or detailed nomenclature.

Supplemental material will be published online only and will be published exactly as you provide it, with no copyediting. Examples include large data sets or additional tables/figures that will be valuable to readers but are ancillary to the published data.

Multimedia (audio, video, and animation) files demonstrating important information relevant to the article can be published as supplemental material. The responsibility for scientific accuracy and file functionality remains entirely with the authors. A disclaimer will be displayed to this effect.

Quicktime, MPEG, or AVI video files are accepted. All video clips must be created with commonly-used codecs, and the codec used should be noted in the supplemental material legend. Test files for playback before submission, preferably on computers not used for their creation, to check for compatibility issues.

Review Manuscripts
Essential elements (described above except for “text”) are title page, abstract, introduction, main text, conclusions, and references. Summary tables and figures dealing with key points should be used liberally. Use headings and subheadings in the main text as needed to improve the clarity and readability of the presentation.

Topic must be covered in depth and information must be critically evaluated (strengths, weaknesses, discussion of discrepancies in results among similar studies) so that insightful, integrative interpretations and conclusions are achieved.

Concise Reviews should deal in depth with a narrowly defined topic and be under 10,000 words in the main body text, about 15 to 50 double-spaced typewritten pages, including tables, figures, and references. For more detailed information, access the IFT Website at ift.org.

Authors are encouraged to consult with the Scientific Editor before preparing a review for consideration.

Hypothesis Manuscripts
Essential elements are title page, abstract, main text, conclusions, and references.

A statement describing the importance of the topic and the objectives of the presentation should appear in the Introduction.

Follow this with a logical progression of ideas or concepts that provide a rationale for the hypothesis, and end with conclusions, including recommendations for hypothesis-testing research.

In the main text, use headings and subheadings as needed to improve clarity and readability of the presentation. Body text should be under 10,000 words.

You are encouraged to consult with the Scientific Editor before preparing a hypothesis paper for consideration.

Formatting References
Manuscripts must follow the name-year reference format specified in Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. 2006, 7th ed. (New York: Cambridge Univ. Press). Cite only necessary publications and use primary rather than secondary references when possible. It is acceptable to cite work that is “forthcoming” (that is, accepted but not yet published) with the pertinent year and, if available, the DOI. Works that are “submitted” and under review are not to be cited.

In text
When the author’s name is part of the sentence structure, the citation consists of the year (in parenthesis) immediately following the name. Use “and others” rather than “et al.” In citations that are totally parenthetical, do not separate author and year with a comma. Use commas to separate publications in different years by the same author. Cite two or more publications of different authors in chronological sequence, from earliest to latest.

Examples:

Smith (2003) showed that . . . :

. . . minimizes the variances (Chang 2012).

. . . work (Green and others 2011) has shown that . . .

. . . studies (Lucci and Mazzafera 2009, 2011) focused . . .

. . . work (Dawson 1999; Briggs 2004) demonstrated . . .

. . . reaction (Martín and others 2001a, b).

In Reference section
List only references cited in the text. List references alphabetically by the first author’s last name. Single author precedes same author with co-authors. When the authors are identical in multiple references, sequence them by publication date (earliest to latest). Type references flush left as separate paragraphs. Below are examples of the most common types of references; for journal abbreviations and other examples of reference formats, please refer to articles in a recent issue of the journal or contact the Editorial Office at jfs@ift.org.

Journal article: Author(s). Year. Article title. Journal abbreviation Volume(Issue optional): inclusive pages.
Example:
Belcourt LA, Labuza TP. 2007. Effect of raffinose on sucrose recrystallization and texture changes in soft cookies. J Food Sci 72:C65–71.
Note: If the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) of an article available online is known, include it at the end of the reference.

Chapter in book: Author(s) of the chapter. Year. Title of the chapter. In: Name Editor(s). Title of the book. Edition or volume, if relevant. Place of publication: Publisher name. Inclusive pages of chapter.
Example:
Wypych G. 2004. Plasticizer motion and diffusion. In: Wypych C, editor. Handbook of plasticizers. Toronto: ChemTec Publishing. p 151–70.

Conference Proceedings and Reports: Author(s) or editor(s). Year. Title. Name of conference or publication; place of conference; date(s) of conference. Place of publication: publisher.
Example:
WHO. 2000. The medical impact of antimicrobial use in food animals. Report of a WHO Meeting; Berlin, Germany, 13–17 October 1997. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

Patent: Name of inventor(s) of the patented device or process; “inventor(s),” assignee. Year month day issued. Title. Patent descriptor [issuing country and patent number]. Example:
Liedl FG, Rowe KF, inventors. 2007. Nut butter and related products and method of making same. U.S. Patent 7235277.

Websites and other internet material: Organization or publisher. Year (if relevant). Title or webpage or database. Edition (if relevant). URL. Accessed year month date. Example:
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2004. Review of the State of World Marine Fisheries Resources. General situation of world fish stocks. Available from: http://www.fao.org/newsroom/common/ecg/1000505/en/stocks.pdf. Accessed 2012 March 3.

ELECTRONIC HANDLING OF YOUR MANUSCRIPT

Submitting Your Manuscript Electronically

General
IFT’s scientific journals do not accept hard-copy paper manuscripts; all manuscripts must be submitted electronically. This method of submission results in much faster handling of your manuscript, fewer handling errors, and allows you to track the handling progress of your manuscript at any time.

Computer requirements
Manuscripts must be submitted as a Microsoft Word or other word processing document (filetype “.doc” or “.rtf”). Your computer system must be equipped with: (1) Up-to-date version of a common web browser, Java-enabled (2) The most current version of Adobe Acrobat Reader —free installation; (3) E-mail capability.

Entering the Web site
Enter http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jfs

Instructions will inform you how to create an account and log in. Your default login ID is your email address. (Always use the same account initially created; do not create new accounts with new submissions.)

At the beginning of the submission procedure, you will be asked to select a journal section in which your article fits best.
Note: This site was designed for the Journal of Food Science, but has been modified to accommodate the Journal of Food Science Education and Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety.

Selecting a Journal Section
If your article is a review under 10,000 words for JFS, select Concise Reviews and Hypotheses in Food Science [Section 3].

If your article is a report on original research, choose one the seven JFS research sections (Food Chemistry; Food Engineering and Physical Properties; Food Microbiology and Safety; Sensory and Food Quality; Nanoscale Food Science, Engineering, and Technology; Health, Nutrition, and Food; Toxicology and Chemical Food Safety) [Sections 4–10].

Other Requirements
To assist in the review process, the SE, AE, or reviewer may request the author to submit the original data.

Figures (with captions) and tables (with captions) should be inserted at the end, after the references.

When prompted to do so, please provide the names, titles, and contact information (phone and fax number; postal and e-mail addresses) for up to 4 individuals you consider appropriate referees for your manuscript. Nonpreferred referees may also be named.

Checking on the Status of Your Manuscript
During the review process, the submitting author may track the progress of his/her manuscript at any time by logging onto ScholarOne Manuscripts

After acceptance, upon receipt of your proof, you will receive further information on tracking production of your paper through Wiley-Blackwell’s Author Services.

Peer Review
All submitted manuscripts are screened by the section’s Scientific Editor for importance, interest to subscribers, substance, appropriateness for the journal, and general scientific quality. Those failing to meet current standards are rejected by the Scientific Editor without further review. Those manuscripts meeting these initial standards are sent to an Associate Editor who assigns referees. Author identities are disclosed to the referees, but referee identities are not disclosed to the author. When the initial review is complete, the Associate Editor will send you the referees’ suggestions along with his or her suggestions. You are expected to respond to all suggestions either by making appropriate revisions or stating why the suggestions are unreasonable. The Associate Editor will consider your revisions, and provide the Scientific Editor with a recommendation to accept, revise, or reject your manuscript. If a second revision of a manuscript is still not satisfactory, it may be rejected (but may thereafter re-enter the peer review process if sufficiently updated and revised). You will then be informed by the Scientific Editor of the final decision.

AFTER YOUR MANUSCRIPT IS ACCEPTED

Once you receive your acceptance letter e-mail with detailed instructions, send in your completed copyright transfer agreement. We will not begin production until we have that form on file.

We will use the accepted files on ScholarOne Manuscripts for production. If there are any problems with your files, we will contact you. If there are final post-acceptance changes (suggested by the editor) to your paper, the following items must be e-mailed as an attachment to jfs@ift.org: (1) the corrected manuscript, including tables and figure captions, filetype Document (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf). Include all text, tables, and figure captions in a single document; submit the figures themselves as separate files; (2) Electronic versions of any figures (if we have not previously received them and if there are no changes), in high-resolution TIFF, EPS, or PDF format.

Submission in this manner is necessary to enable copy-editing and production.

  • Label all files with the assigned 8-digit JFS manuscript ID number and, where necessary, table and figure numbers.
  • After production of your manuscript begins, you will receive a PDF proof via e-mail. so you can make any final minor corrections. You are responsible for all statements appearing in the page proof. If you are not available to review the page proof, you should authorize someone else to carefully study the proof for errors.

QUERIES?

If you encounter difficulties in submitting your manuscript to ScholarOne Manuscripts, or for any other queries, contact the editorial office at jfs@ift.org (phone: +1.312.604.0276, fax: +1.312.596.5676).

IMPORTANT NOTICE
Your manuscript can only move through the submission, acceptance, and publishing phases if your user information is accurate and complete. If you move, change employment or change your e-mail address or fax number, let us know immediately. Please take time to look at your account (at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jfs) and verify that your information is up to date.

Publication of your manuscript will halt if we cannot reach you. It is yourresponsibility to contact us with any changes in your contact information.

Policy Guidelines for Handling Manuscripts Dealing with Sensitive Issues
The following statement was adopted by IFT and the Scientific Editors to address the issue of potential inappropriate use of information published in IFT’s scientific journals. We realize this is a sensitive issue between access to information, academic freedom, and personal and community safety. We have tried to craft a statement and process that carefully walks the fine line between these potentially conflicting forces. Since this is a dynamic time, we would appreciate hearing from you if you have concerns.

Statement on Bioterrorism
IFT recognizes that there are valid concerns regarding the publication of information in scientific journals that could be put to inappropriate use. The Editorial Board in concert with the Editor-in-Chief will evaluate those manuscripts that might raise such issues during the review process. Research articles must contain sufficient detail to permit the work to be repeated by others. ALL Scientific Editors of ALL IFT journals should take the following course of action:

1. Ask all reviewers to advise the Scientific Editor and/or Associate Editor, by use of the Confidential Comments section of the review form, if, in their opinion, the manuscript under review describes or could lead to misuses of information on food science and technology.

2. The Scientific Editor will serve as an initial screen with regard to this matter and will likely be the point of contact with the author(s).

3. If a reviewer or Associate Editor brings such a matter to a Scientific Editor’s attention, the Scientific Editor will notify the Editor-in-Chief. No action will be taken for further progress toward publication of the manuscript until the situation is resolved.

4. The Editor-in-Chief may render a decision or, at his/her discretion, consult the entire Editorial Board or other experts of his/her choosing to determine whether to resume the review process or to decline the manuscript and return it to the author.

“The Executive Committee of the Institute of Food Technologists affirms the long-standing position of the Institute that food scientists and technologists will work for the proper and beneficent application of science and will call to the attention of the appropriate authorities misuses of information derived from food science and technology. IFT members are obligated to discourage any use of food science and technology contrary to the welfare of humankind. Bioterrorism violates the fundamental principles of the Institute and is abhorrent to the IFT and its members.”
-January 20, 2004