Nutrition

 

Guidelines for the Preparation and Review
of Nutrition-Related Papers

by the IFT Nutrition Division

 

THE NUTRITION DIVISION of the Institute of Food Technologists has prepared the following guidelines for use by authors in preparing nutrition-related manuscripts for publication in Journal of Food Science, as well as for use by reviewers when evaluating the suitability of such manuscripts for publication. 

The supplementary instructions presented here are intended to help authors determine whether their work: (1) is suitable for publication in JFS, and (2) conforms to special JFS protocols, if the topic of the submitted manuscript is in one of the following areas: Engineering/Physical Properties, Foodservice, Fruits and Vegetables, Microbiology, Nutrition, Seafood, or Sensory Evaluation.

Primary information for authors preparing manuscripts for publication in the Journal of Food Science appears in the Author Information on this site, and in J Food Sci 67(9):3553 (2002).

 

Materials and Methods

In addition to information on instruments, reagents, experimental methods/design, and statistical treatment of data, the following information should be provided:

  • In papers on essential nutrients emphasis should be given to the properties of such nutrients as they occur in foods consumed by humans. Examples include studies on chemical and\or physical properties and stability of nutrients; dietary components or processing treatments that affect the bioavailability of nutrients as they exist in foods commonly consumed by humans. 
  • In papers on nutrition-related nonessential dietary components (e.g., various forms of dietary fiber, lipids), results should be relevant to human nutrition. Be aware that degree of hydration and chemical form of dietary constituents can affect digestibility and/or gastrointestinal kinetics of dietary components; report relevant information. 
  • Research involving either animal models or human subjects is potentially appropriate for publication in JFS with the following provisions:
  • When animal models are employed, they must: have relevance to human nutrition
  • be accompanied by a statement that the research was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at the researcher's institution, or that the research complied with guidelines described in the "Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 1985, NIH publ. 85-23, Natl. Res. Council, Natl., Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md. 
  • the sourece and strain of the experimental animals must be provided, and 
  • the composition of animal diets must be fully described and justified with respect to the requirements of the species used.
  • When human subjects are used, a statement must be included indicating that the research was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board of the researcher's institution, or that it complied with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 as revised in 1983. 
  • When in vitro methods are used to predict nutritional processes in humans (e.g., bioavailability), their validity with respect to physiological relevance to humans (i.e., correlation with in vivo methods) must be documented.
  • Papers on nutritional toxicology are appropriate for publication in JFS provided they have relevance to humans.
  • Subject matter that is usually inappropriate for publication in JFS:
  • Animal studies that do not adequately model effects in humans 
  • Studies on the nutritional properties of substances that are not typically consumed and are not likely to be consumed by humans 
  • Studies on basic biochemical functions of nutrients in animals or humans