The Weekly: July 10, 2019

July 10, 2019

IFT Top Stories

Agricultural output growth to keep food prices low, but uncertainties emerge
Global demand for agricultural products is projected to grow by 15% over the coming decade, while agricultural productivity growth is expected to increase slightly faster, causing inflation-adjusted prices of the major agricultural commodities to remain at or below their current levels, according to an annual report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.

This year’s edition of the OECD-FAO Agriculture Outlook provides a consensus assessment of the 10-year prospects for agricultural and fish commodity markets at national, regional, and global levels.

The Outlook projects that yield improvements and higher production intensity, driven by technological innovation, will result in higher output even as global agricultural land use remains broadly constant. Direct greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, meanwhile, are expected to grow by some 0.5% annually over the coming decade, below the 0.7% rate of the past 10 years and below the projected output growth rate—indicating declining carbon intensity.

At the same time, new uncertainties are emerging on top of the usual risks facing agriculture. These include disruptions from trade tensions, the spread of crop and animal diseases, growing resistance to antimicrobial substances, regulatory responses to new plant-breeding techniques, and increasingly extreme climatic events. Uncertainties also include evolving dietary preferences in light of health and sustainability issues and policy responses to alarming worldwide trends in obesity.

Worldwide, the use of cereals for food is projected to grow by about 150 million tons over the outlook period—amounting to a 13% increase—with rice and wheat accounting for the bulk of the expansion. The most significant factor behind the projected growth in food use of staple products is population growth, which is expected to rise fastest in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

The report finds that consumption levels of sugar and vegetable oil are projected to rise, reflecting the ongoing trend towards prepared and more processed foods, notably in many rapidly urbanizing low- and middle-income countries. Concerns about health and well-being, meanwhile, are likely to nudge numerous higher-income countries towards lower consumption of red meat and a shift from vegetable oils to butter.

In addition, the demand for feed crops is projected to outpace animal production growth in countries where the livestock sector is evolving from traditional to commercialized production systems, while the use of agricultural commodities as feedstock to produce biofuels is expected to grow primarily in the developing countries.

Trade in agricultural and fisheries commodities should expand over the coming decade at around 1.3% annually, slower than over the past decade (3.3% average), as growth in global import demand is expected to slow. On the export side, both Latin America and Europe are projected to increase their sales to foreign markets.

Press release

Agricultural Outlook

China says African swine fever cases slowing
According to Reuters, the number of fresh outbreaks of African swine fever in China has dropped this year and pig production is slowly returning to normal, its vice agriculture minister said. African swine fever is deadly to pigs and there is no cure or vaccine for the disease, which has swept across China, the world’s top pork producer, since August 2018.

Asked about reports of recent fresh outbreaks of swine fever, China’s Vice Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Yu Kangzhen said the country had seen only 44 new cases in the first six months of 2019. That brings the total number of cases China has reported to 143, with 1.16 million pigs culled, said Yu.

However, Reuters has reported that as many as half of China’s breeding pigs have died from African swine fever or been slaughtered because of the spreading disease, twice as many as had been officially acknowledged.

China’s cabinet has issued new guidelines on strengthening measures to prevent and control the disease, warning that there were shortcomings in China’s efforts and that the situation remained severe. China’s State Council said management of transporting live hogs is not strict enough and there is insufficient capacity in testing for the African swine fever virus in slaughtering plants.

The disease will leave China with a “tight balance” in pig supplies, said Yu, adding that imports, including from the United States, would help adjust supplies.

Reuters article


IFT Research Briefs

Barriers to commercialization, success of insect ingredients
Edible insects could be a key ingredient to avoiding a global food crisis, according to a new report, but there are significant barriers to overcome before they are part of the mainstream. In a new study, published in Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, researchers from the University of Leeds in England and University of Veracruz in Mexico have reviewed current insect farming methods, processing technologies, and commercialization techniques, as well as current perceptions towards entomophagy—the practice of eating insects.

The authors reviewed research collected from around the world that highlights the fact that the benefits of increasing insect consumption have been widely explored, but not the technological and processing approaches that can help achieve this goal. The researchers emphasized that commercialization and processing techniques that focus on the preferences of the younger generation are the best ways to normalize edible insects.

“The ‘ick factor’ remains one of the biggest barriers to edible insects becoming the norm. Eating behavior is shaped largely during early childhood and in Western countries, eating insects, especially in whole and recognizable forms, remains something seen mostly on TV shows,” said study author Alan-Javier Hernández-Álvarez, School of Food Science and Nutrition at the University of Leeds. “In some European countries, consumers, particularly young adults, have shown interest in new food products that use insects in unrecognizable form, such as flour or powder used in cookies or energy drinks. Developing efficient large-scale processing technologies that can develop insects’ powders could go a long way to helping introduce insects as a common source of protein and nutrients.”

Compared to meat production, insect farming uses much smaller amounts of land, water, and feed, and it is possible to cultivate them in urban areas. Insect farming also produces far fewer greenhouse gases.

However, more development is needed in large-scale insect farming. Increasing demand could create a bottleneck in the production of more edible insects in an economically efficient, safe, and sustainable manner. The lack of availability creates accessibility issues and therefore reduces opportunities for increasing trade. According to the researchers, there is significant need for a technological leap from wild harvesting to indoor farming.

Improvements to edible insect farming and processing techniques could also open the door for increasing the use of insects for other purposes. Chitin extracted from certain insect exoskeletons has the potential for use in food preservation. It also has several industrial applications such as surgical thread and as a binder used in glue.

“Food is only the tip of the iceberg for insects’ sustainable potential,” said Hernández-Álvarez.


Global food production’s link to infectious disease
Within the next 80 years, the world’s population is expected to top 11 billion, creating a rise in global food demand—and presenting an unavoidable challenge to food production and distribution. A new article published in Nature Sustainability describes how the increase in population and the need to feed everyone will also, ultimately, give rise to human infectious disease, a situation the authors of the paper consider “two of the most formidable ecological and public health challenges of the 21st century.” The article is the first to draw connections between future population growth, agricultural development, and infectious disease.

“If we start exploring how increasing population and agriculture will affect human diseases, we can prepare for and mitigate these effects,” said Jason Rohr, the Ludmilla F., Stephen J., and Robert T. Galla College Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of Notre Dame. “We need to anticipate some of the problems that may arise from an explosion of human population in the developing world.”

According to the article, the fastest area of population growth expected by the year 2100 will occur in the developing world where disease control, surveillance, and access to health care already face significant challenges. Currently, some estimates suggest that infectious disease accounts for 75% of deaths in developing countries in tropical regions. Each year in the United States, an estimated 48 million people suffer from foodborne infections, and foodborne illnesses have been linked to imported food from developing countries—where sanitation and food safety is lacking or poorly enforced. Of that number, 128,000 are hospitalized and approximately 3,000 people die each year from foodborne infection.

As the world’s population grows, the state of rural economies, use of agrochemicals, and exploitation of natural resources, among other factors, are poised to further contribute to infectious disease outbreaks. “There are many modern examples where high human contact with farm animals or wild game is a likely cause of new human diseases that have become global pandemics,” such as avian and swine flu, and mad cow disease, Rohr said.

Rohr and collaborators offer several potential solutions to various challenges, such as improving hygiene to combat the overuse of antibiotics to promote the growth of farm animals. They also suggest that farmers add genetic variability to their crops and animals to reduce epidemics caused in part by monocultures and too many closely related animals living in close quarters.

The researchers also suggest investing in predictive mathematical models that integrate associations between agricultural practices and infectious diseases. These models could forecast risk across spatial scales to facilitate targeting preventive and mitigating measures.


Except for beta-carotene, Golden Rice has the same composition as conventional rice
A study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry suggests that there are no biologically significant differences between genetically engineered (GE) Golden Rice and conventional rice except for the amount of beta-carotene (vitamin A precursor) present. The researchers set out to conduct a compositional analysis of Golden Rice, which has been genetically modified to increase the amount of beta-carotene, a substance important in the human diet as a precursor of vitamin A, and conventional rice.

They analyzed the rice grain, straw, and bran of Golden Rice (GR2E) and compared that with samples of non-transgenic, near-isogenic, control rice planted over two growing seasons in the Philippines during 2015–2016 at four locations representing the different rice-growing conditions in the country. The grain samples were analyzed for key nutritional components such as fiber, sugars, fatty acids, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, proximates, and anti-nutrients.

The researchers found that the only biologically significant difference between Golden Rice and the conventional rice was the amount of beta-carotene and other provitamin A carotenoids in the grain. The rest of the compositional parameters were found to be within the range of natural variability of conventional rice varieties with a history of safe consumption.

“Overall, no consistent patterns emerged to suggest that biologically meaningful changes in composition or nutritive value of the grain, straw, or bran had occurred as an unexpected, unintended, consequence of the genetic modification,” wrote the researchers. “Other than the intended production of beta-carotene and related provitamin A carotenoids in the endosperm, GR2E rice was found to be compositionally equivalent to conventional rice.”

The average concentration of provitamin A concentrations in milled Golden Rice can contribute up to 89%–113% and 57%–99% of the vitamin A requirement for preschool children in Bangladesh and the Philippines, respectively.


Smartphone network helps uncover hundreds of anti-cancer molecules in food
Researchers at Imperial College London have used artificial intelligence to crunch huge volumes of data on a “cloud computing” network of smartphones to uncover anti-cancer properties of foods. The team, led by Kirill Veselkov from the Department of Surgery & Cancer, has worked with the Vodafone Foundation, makers of the DreamLab app that uses the collective power of smartphones to fast-track cancer research, to carry out the research.

The latest findings from the project, published in the journal Scientific Reports, used the platform to analyze data on the molecular content of more than 8,000 everyday foods, identifying more than 110 cancer-fighting molecules. Many of these molecules are flavonoids, the huge class of compounds that help to give fruit and vegetables their color. This in turn was used to construct a “food map” with anti-cancer potential of each ingredient defined by the number of cancer-beating molecules found therein. “Our analysis underpins the design of next-generation cancer preventative and therapeutic nutrition strategies,” wrote the researchers.

The researchers say further work is now needed to confirm any clinical properties of the molecules identified in the foods. They hope to further explore different combinations of food molecules, using AI simulations to look at the potential impact they might have on cancer.

“This is a ground breaking moment for us. The next step is to use AI technologies to explore the impact that different combinations of drugs and food-based molecules could have on individuals,” said lead researcher Veselkov. “We have built a team of molecular gastronomists, computer scientists, biochemical/microbiota scientists, sensory scientists, Michelin star chefs, health economists, and clinicians to advance the next phase of the project.”


Ability to edit plant mitochondrial DNA may lead to a more secure food supply
Nuclear DNA was first edited in the early 1970s, chloroplast DNA was first edited in 1988, and animal mitochondrial DNA was edited in 2008. However, until now, no tool has successfully edited plant mitochondrial DNA. The University of Japan researchers, who have published their results in Nature Plants, hope to use the technique to address the current lack of mitochondrial genetic diversity in crops, a potentially devastating weak point in our food supply.

The mitochondria contain DNA separate from the cell’s main DNA, which is stored in the nucleus. Nuclear DNA is the long double-helix genetic material inherited from both parents. The mitochondrial genome is circular, contains far fewer genes, and is primarily inherited only from mothers. The animal mitochondrial genome is a relatively small molecule contained in a single circular structure with remarkable conservation between species. Plant mitochondrial genomes are a different story.

“The plant mitochondrial genome is huge in comparison, the structure is much more complicated, the genes are sometimes duplicated, the gene expression mechanisms are not well-understood, and some mitochondria have no genomes at all—in our previous studies, we observed that they fuse with other mitochondria to exchange protein products and then separate again,” said Shin-ichi Arimura, associate professor in plant molecular genetics at the University of Tokyo.

To find a way to manipulate the complex plant mitochondrial genome, Arimura turned to collaborators familiar with the cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) systems in rice and rapeseed (canola). Prior research strongly suggested that in both plants, the cause of CMS was a single, evolutionarily unrelated mitochondrial gene in rice and in rapeseed (canola): clear targets in the perplexing maze of plant mitochondrial genomes.

Arimura’s team adapted a technique that had previously edited mitochondrial genomes of animal cells growing in a dish. The technique, called mitoTALENs, uses a single protein to locate the mitochondrial genome, cut the DNA at the desired gene, and delete it. “While deleting most genes creates problems, deleting a CMS gene solves a problem for plants. Without the CMS gene, plants are fertile again,” said Arimura.

The fully fertile four new lines of rice and three new lines of rapeseed (canola) that researchers created are a proof of concept that the mitoTALENs system can successfully manipulate even the complex plant mitochondrial genome.

Researchers will study the mitochondrial genes responsible for plant male infertility in more detail and identify potential mutations that could add much-needed diversity.



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IFT Company News

TreeHouse Foods sells snack division to Atlas Holdings for $90 million
TreeHouse Foods has entered into a definitive agreement to sell the company’s snacks division to Atlas Holdings for $90 million. Atlas owns and operates 19 manufacturing and distribution businesses, which collectively employ more than 17,000 associates at over 150 facilities worldwide. TreeHouse projected the snacks division to generate net sales of approximately $670 million in 2019.

The snacks division, with more than 800 employees, is one of the largest manufacturers and distributors of private label healthy snacks to premier retail customers in North America. The division operates three plants, located in Robersonville, N.C.; El Paso, Texas; and Dothan, Ala. A fourth plant, in Minneapolis, is scheduled to close by the end of the third quarter as previously announced. The Minneapolis plant, and the manufacturing-related employees located there, are not included in this transaction.

“The sale of the snacks division is a key step in optimizing TreeHouse’s overall product portfolio. It is the culmination of TreeHouse’s strategic review of its snacks business,” said Steve Oakland, CEO and president of TreeHouse Foods. “This transaction allows the snacks division to unlock its potential and serve its customers even better under Atlas’ ownership.”

The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions and is expected to close in the third quarter of 2019.

Press release

McCain invests in plant-based chicken producer Nuggs
McCain Foods, a manufacturer of frozen french fries, potato specialties, and appetizers, has announced a new strategic partnership and lead investment in Nuggs, a New York-based startup that has developed a plant-based chicken nugget alternative. Nuggs recently raised $7 million in a funding round led by McCain Foods, which manufactures the nuggets.

The partnership combines Nuggs textured pea protein technology and research and development process with McCain’s production and commercial expertise to accelerate the brand’s growth and deliver market scale. The Nuggs research and development process is based on a unique iterative methodology, whereby the product is constantly improved based on continuous consumer feedback. The latest version of Nuggs plant-based chicken nugget simulates traditional chicken nuggets and is higher in protein and lower in calories, according to the company.

“Nuggs is an incredible product in itself and a very tasty chicken nugget simulation. Furthermore, the Nuggs team’s approach to fast, iterative innovation, based on constant consumer feedback is a great way to create products people love,” said Mauro Pennella, chief growth officer at McCain Foods.

McCain’s partnership in Nuggs is aligned to its long-term sustainability priorities and strengthens its role as a partner to food and farming technology entrepreneurs.

Press release

Lactalis Group acquires U.S. yogurt division of Ehrmann AG
Lactalis Group has acquired Ehrmann Commonwealth Dairy, the U.S. yogurt business of Ehrmann AG, the Bavaria, Germanybased dairy company. The acquisition was completed on July 5, 2019.

Established in 2009, Ehrmann Commonwealth Dairy has two manufacturing facilities that employ 250 people in Brattleboro, Vt., and Casa Grande, Ariz., and manufactures and distributes yogurt and other dairy products under the Green Mountain Creamery and Liebe brands. It also features a private label business.

“The Ehrmann acquisition is a terrific complement to our Stonyfield and siggi’s brands in the United States,” said Thierry Clement, CEO of Lactalis North America. “Ehrmann’s Vermont and Arizona plants are the ideal platform to develop our star brands, strengthen national distribution, and secure topflight quality and service for our private label customers.”

Press release

Nestlé’s European water brand launches bottle made of 100% recycled plastic
Natural mineral water brand Valvert in Belgium has launched its new bottle made entirely from recycled PET (rPET), a first for Nestlé in Europe. This innovation is a step further toward meeting Nestlé’s commitment to increase the rPET content in its water bottles to 35% globally by 2025.

Valvert utilizes only already used bottles to produce the new bottle, and no new virgin PET needs to be created. The brand has been able to secure a reliable supply of the high-quality, food grade rPET that is required for bottled water. This will allow not only the launch of the 100% rPET bottle of 1.5 L, but also a 50% rPET bottle of 0.5 L at the same time. The goal is to have the 0.5 L bottle also made entirely of rPET by the end of 2019.

“We believe the new Valvert 100% rPET bottle is a gamechanger in the next generation of sustainable packaging, stimulating a bottle-to-bottle circular economy,” said Emmanuel Gruffat, general manager of Nestlé Waters Benelux.

Last year, Nestlé Pure Life with 100% rPET bottles were launched in North America. America’s spring water brand Poland Spring also announced its plan to convert its portfolio to recycled plastic by 2021.

Press release [pdf]

Tri Marine sells its global tuna supply operations to Bolton Group
Tri Marine, a leader of the canned tuna market with brands such as Rio Mare, Saupiquet, and Isabel, has announced the sale of its global tuna supply business to Bolton Group, which has held significant minority interest in the Tri Marine global business since 2013. With this transaction, Bolton Group now owns 100% of Tri Marine’s tuna supply chain business. The terms of the transaction were not disclosed.

Tri Marine, a privately held company founded in 1971, operates one of the world’s most far-reaching tuna supply businesses, with subsidiaries around the world. Bolton intends to retain the Tri Marine name and support the continued growth of the company.

“Bolton has been a valued Tri Marine customer and partner for a very long time,” said Renato Curto, Tri Marine CEO. “This transaction ensures our growth and success well into the future. It places Tri Marine employees, partners, suppliers, and customers in highly capable hands. I am grateful that Bolton recognizes the strategic value of maintaining Tri Marine’s existing workforce, network of suppliers, and global customer base. We can now focus on the group’s core business and continue to move in the direction that today’s world commands.”

Curto will continue to serve as CEO of Tri Marine during a transition period.

Press release [pdf]

Froneri enters Israel with acquisition of Nestlé ice cream business
Froneri has agreed to acquire the Noga Ice Creams Limited Partnership, subject to regulatory approval. Noga is part of the Nestlé-owned business Osem Group and means Froneri will be entering the Israeli market for the first time. This deal will bring all the Nestlé Europe, Middle East, and North Africa ice cream businesses into the Froneri group.

“We’re very excited to be building on the strengths of our existing joint venture with Nestlé. By entering Israel we’re continuing to realize our vision of becoming the world’s best ice cream company,” said Ibrahim Najafi, CEO of Froneri. “Our consumers are at the heart of our business, and we intend to invest in the local brands, products, and flavors that Nestlé has been exciting the market with for over 20 years. We’re looking forward to welcoming the team into Froneri.”

Froneri has confirmed that the existing management team will continue to lead the business.

Press release

Ardent Mills acquires Oregon Elevator
Ardent Mills, a flour-milling and ingredient company, has further invested in organic capabilities and The Annex by Ardent Mills through its acquisition of a grain elevator in Klamath Falls, Ore. The elevator, which is near Ardent Mills’ community mill in Stockton, Calif., and mix plant in Arlington, Ore., enhances the company’s ability to support growers in the Pacific Northwest, partner with universities on breeding, and serve its overall customer base.

“This acquisition enhances Ardent Mills’ ability to source grains from organic and conventional family farms in the region,” said Dan Dye, CEO of Ardent Mills. “It gives us the opportunity to become the trusted partner for these growers, which is a key component of Ardent Mills’ vision.”

Press release [pdf]


IFT Regulatory News

50+ U.S. doctors urge the USDA to overhaul the U.S. Dietary Guidelines
More than 50 doctors across the United States have signed an open letter to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) calling on the agency to overhaul the U.S. Dietary Guidelines and ensure that recommendations are for all Americans. The letter ran in both the New York Times and Washington Post on July 9.

Currently, the advisory committee is reviewing the 2020–2025 Dietary Guidelines to begin shaping their recommendations for the USDA and Health and Human Services to consider. The guidelines are focused on the healthy population, but, according to the doctors, only 12% of the population is metabolically healthy.

Spearheaded by Atkins Nutritionals, a subsidiary of The Simply Good Foods Co., the letter highlights that 72% of Americans have a body mass index (BMI) in the overweight or obese range and 52% have either diabetes or prediabetes. In addition, it highlights that more than 20% of all healthcare spending in the United States is on obesity-related illness.

“We believe that it is critical for the U.S. government to overhaul the U.S. Dietary Guidelines and provide nutrition guidance that uses today’s science and promotes healthier eating habits, recognizing a low-carbohydrate eating approach as a viable option for people. Doing this can improve our nation’s health and reduce medical costs,” said Joseph E. Scalzo, president and CEO, The Simply Good Foods Co. “The Dietary Guidelines have unfortunately taken America down the path of overconsumption of carbohydrates and sugar, resulting in less healthy citizens."

The letter references the National Academics of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s (NASEM) consensus study that recommended that the Dietary Guidelines address the needs of all Americans, cautioning against a one-size fits all approach. Also highlighted within the letter is the American Diabetes Association’s recent recommendation that in addition to other eating approaches, a low carbohydrate eating approach can help manage diabetes. The 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines specifically warn against a low-carbohydrate diet.

Press release

Plant Based Food Association sues Mississippi for 'meat' labeling law
The Plant Based Foods Association (PBFA) joined with member company Upton’s Naturals to file a lawsuit in Mississippi challenging that state’s new labeling law which could make using “meat” terminology to describe plant-based foods subject to criminal penalties. The law went into effect on July 1.

According to PBFA, it is suing to stop the law from being enforced in order to protect its members’ First Amendment rights to “label their foods in a way that consumers understand.” The public interest law firm Institute for Justice (IJ) is representing PBFA and Upton’s Naturals.

“This Mississippi law is the meat lobby’s response to growing consumer demand; they are attacking words on labels, instead of competing in the marketplace,” said Michele Simon, PBFA executive director. “The Mississippi law would create unnecessary, confusing, and costly label changes that would stifle innovation and frustrate consumers.”

In response to the lawsuit, Andy Gipson, commissioner of the Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce tweeted that the agency has a “duty and obligation to the enforce the law” and that it wanted to ensure that consumer in the state have “clear information on the meat and non-meat products they purchase.”

“A food product made of insect-protein should not be deceptively labeled as beef. Someone looking to purchase tofu should not be tricked into buying lab-grown animal protein,” continued Gipson in his tweet. “Words mean something.”

While Mississippi’s law is the first to go into effect, the PBFA is monitoring bills in Arkansas and Louisiana closely. These bills were enacted with similar in language to the Mississippi law. Last year, laws were enacted in Missouri on meat labeling and in North Carolina on milk labeling..

Press release

Gipson's tweet

FDA extends comment period regarding alternative name of potassium chloride
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is extending by 60 days, until September 17, 2019, the comment period on the draft guidance, “The Use of an Alternate Name for Potassium Chloride in Food Labeling.” The original comment period was scheduled to end on July 19.

The agency is taking this action in response to requests for additional time to submit comments. The FDA believes that the extension will allow adequate time for interested persons to provide input.

Potassium chloride, in some instances, can be used as a partial substitute for sodium chloride in food processing and manufacturing. The addition of the term “salt” to “potassium chloride” may encourage manufacturers to use this sodium alternative and help consumers to understand that potassium chloride can replace sodium chloride in foods. This may help to reduce the intake of sodium, which is over-consumed by the U.S. population, while increasing potassium, which is under-consumed.

Press release


IFT IFT & Meeting News

Short Course: Product Development through the Eyes of the Consumer: Applying Sensory and Consumer Insight Tools for Development Success
August 27-28 | Chicago, IL | IFT Headquarters
This course is designed for those striving to align their work with the needs and wants of the consumer. Gain the tools you can use in your current product development challenges, and with a clear understanding of how to get the sensory and consumer insights that will move your projects forward to success. Learn more.

Webcast: Clean Meat: Navigating the Safety and Regulatory Landscape
July 30 | 11 a.m.–12 p.m. CT | Quality Assurance Division
Get a deeper exploration of the regulatory and safety aspects of cell-based meat. Join us to engage with industry and regulatory experts in the field. Learn more.

Podcast—How Collaboration is Key to Solving the Challenges of Tomorrow Collaboration is becoming more essential to solve the challenges that we face in the food industry. This episode of the IFTNEXT Food Disruptors podcast, organized by the IFT Sensory & Consumer Sciences Division, we feature two successful professionals and longtime members of IFT. They share their experiences while working in interdisciplinary teams, discuss hurdles and hopes for the future, and talk about the role IFT has played in helping them to encourage and facilitate effective collaboration. Listen in.

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