JFSE Author Guidelines

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The Institute of Food TechnologistsTM (IFT) publishes peer-reviewed scientific journals to provide subscribers with high-quality scientific information in the area of food science and technology. The Journal of Food Science (JFS), available with subscription online and/or in print, provides results of original research and short interpretive reviews on the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of food science and technology. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety (CRFSFS), available online only, free to access, provides in-depth interpretive reviews in these same areas, and in risk analysis. The Journal of Food Science Education (JFSE), available online only, free to access, provides information relevant to those involved in food science education at all levels.

IFT is dedicated to maintaining the highest standards of professional ethics, accuracy, and quality in all matters related to handling manuscripts and reporting scientific information.


JFSE invites contributions pertaining to food science education. Appropriate topics include: Research in food science education. Results of original research involving new ideas, new educational tools, and/or novel approaches in food science education. Reviews. Recent important developments or trends in food science education. Innovative laboratory exercises and demonstrations. Innovative procedures in a format immediately useful to educators. Learning techniques and their assessment. New methods testing, distance and workplace education, curricular comparisons, cooperative and collaborative learning techniques, unique approaches to learning information, educational concepts, techniques for assessing curricular, professional, interpersonal skills development, and similar topics. Book reviews on learning and educational developments as well as food science texts.

Scientific Editor: Shelly Schmidt
Editor-in-Chief: E. Allen Foegeding

The journal accepts articles on topics such as problem-based learning, development of teachers and students, innovative learning techniques, forms of motivation and how to promote them, learning styles, curricular comparisons, outcome assessment, continuing education, workplace education, innovative laboratory exercises, community-based education, interpersonal and human relationship development of students, and communication skills.

The online-only format of the journal provides opprtunity to include animations, video, and non-traditional content. Authors may contact the Scientific Editor with questions about the appropriateness of their content or format prior to submission.


Authorship Criteria and Author Responsibilities

Author criteria:
Authorship is restricted to those who:

Have contributed substantially to one or more of the following aspects of the work: conception, planning, execution, writing, interpretation, or statistical analysis.

Are willing to assume public responsibility for the validity of the work.

Exclusivity of work:
The corresponding author must verify, on behalf of all authors (if more than one), that neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content has been published, accepted for publication, or is being considered for publication elsewhere, except as described in an attachment. It is the authors’ responsibility to ensure the integrity of all submitted works. For further guidance, see the Wiley-Blackwell Publication Ethics Guide at http://www.wiley.com/bw/publicationethics/.

The editorial staff will randomly check submitted manuscripts for plagiarism and improperly-cited or uncredited reuse of content with similarity detection software.

Disclosure requirements:
Each author must disclose affiliation or involvement, either direct or indirect, with any organization or entity with a direct financial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript (e.g. employment, consultancies, stock ownership, grants, patents received or pending, royalties, honoraria, expert testimony). Specifics of the disclosure will remain confidential. If deemed appropriate by the Scientific Editor, a general statement regarding disclosure will be included in the Acknowledgment section. Authors must disclose, in the Acknowledgment section of the manuscript, all sources of support for the work, both financial and material.

Ethical issues:
Authors are expected to adhere to established ethical best practices, such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) International Standards for Authors, online at http://publicationethics.org/resources/international-standards.

The corresponding author will be asked to digitally sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement on behalf of all authors upon acceptance of the manuscript, transferring copyright to IFT (except in cases where the work cannot be copyrighted, e.g., works authored solely by U.S. government employees as part of their employment duties). Copyright terms and authors’ rights are available at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/societyimages/jfs/IFT_Journals-CTA_Terms.pdf

Reproduction of all or any significant portion of an IFT publication is prohibited unless permission is received from IFT. Authors have the right to reproduce portions of their own papers with proper acknowledgment and retain the right to any patentable subject material that might be contained therein. Authors can obtain permission online through Rightslink, which is an automated online permissions service available 24 hours/day. You can do so by locating the article you want to reuse and clicking on the “Request Permissions” link under the “Article Tools” menu on the abstract page. Go to http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/%28ISSN%291541-4329/homepage/Permissions.html for more details.

Opinions expressed in articles published in an IFT journal are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent opinions of IFT. IFT does not guarantee the appropriateness, for any purpose, of any method, product, process, or device described or identified in an article. Trade names, when used, are only for identification and do not constitute endorsement by IFT.

Criteria for Manuscript Acceptance
Manuscript acceptability is based primarily on appropriateness and importance of the topic; clarity of objectives, methods, substance of the results; thoroughness with which the results are discussed; and appropriateness of the conclusions.

There are no page charges nor color figure charges for articles published in JFSE.

Permission to Publish
If the paper has been presented at a meeting of an organization other than IFT, the author must certify that he/she has freedom to offer it to IFT for publication.

Letters to the Editor
Comments, observations, different perspectives, suggestions for improving concepts and techniques previously published, or for the need for research in specific areas, are welcome and accepted. Send letters to SE Shelly Schmidt at sjs@illinois.edu.


Authors are asked to indicate the desired section for their manuscript on the title page of the submitted manuscript file.

Research in food science education. Contributions of the following nature are encouraged: investigations using new ideas, new educational tools, and/or novel approaches or solutions in food science education where a hypothesis is tested or an objective is investigated using multiple experiments, pre- and post-testing procedures, or correlational studies; the testing and outcome of these new approaches in joint ventures with other disciplines or learning communities, and/or in integrated or distance education courses.

Reviews and trends. Reviews of important developments or trends in food science education are encouraged, since advances in a field can only result from an understanding of what has already been accomplished. Manuscripts should provide in-depth coverage of a defined topic, and should embody careful evaluation (weaknesses, strengths, explanation of discrepancies in results among similar studies) of all pertinent studies, so that insightful interpretations and conclusions can be presented.

Innovative laboratory exercises. Food science laboratory exercises are hands-on activities, so articles should be structured in a format immediately useful to instructors. The article should consist of an introduction addressing the objectives of the activity in terms of student learning; the basic principles and real-world applications; the curricular objectives(s) it fulfills; the chemicals, supplies, and instruments required; and a description of how it is carried out.

Classroom techniques. Papers are encouraged in the areas of new methods testing, distance education, curricula comparisons, cooperative and collaborative learning techniques; generation of student excitement for learning; unique approaches to presentation of material; assessment techniques of curricular, professional, and interpersonal skills objectives; and use of computers and computer programs to facilitate the learning of food science information.

Tips for better learning. Food industry trainers, faculty members, extension specialists, and government supervisers often have exercises, case studies, or assessment techniques that are effective in their training sessions, laboratories, or classrooms. This section is for those individuals who wish to share (and document) their techniques with others—without writing a full paper. Information in this section is descriptive, concise, and tested (no more than one published page—about 1000 words). It should include a brief description of the exercises, how it’s used, the results obtained, and how results were used. Manuscripts do not undergo full peer-review. Associate Editors evaluate and make recommendations for publication.

Book Reviews
Books on learning and educational developments as well as food science texts are reviewed. Contact the Scientific Editor with book suggestions or if you would like to submit a review.

Column: Food Science Education Publications and Websites
The purpose of this column is to highlight innovative publications and websites in food science education. If you know of a website or a recent publication that you believe other readers would like to know about, please submit the full text of the article or the URL for the website and an annotation of not more than 125 words. We welcome your resources and comments on this column. Material should be submitted to: Pat Allen, Associate Professor of Library Administration Agricultural, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences (ACES) Librarian, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, e-mail: Allen2@illinois.edu. If e-mailing, please put "JFSE submission" in the subject line.


General Instructions

Language, units of measurement and symbols
Use the English language (American spelling and usage) and the SI system (Système International d’Unités, often referred to as “International Units”) for measurements and units.

Style and format
Your manuscript should be consistent with the Council of Science Editors' Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. 2014, 8th ed. (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press). For convenience, refer to articles in current issues of the JFSE for examples, or contact the editorial office (jfs@ift.org) with your questions.

Page format
Continuous line-numbering for the entire manuscript is mandatory.

Double-space entire manuscript.

Submitted manuscripts must list full names for all authors; that is, full first/given name(s), middle initial(s), and last/surname(s).

Failure to comply with these formatting instructions can result in automatic rejection of the manuscript.

Try to restrict individual file sizes to 5Mb maximum. Larger files may be hosted, but these can lead to download issues for users.

Constructing Your Manuscript

Title page
Full title (be concise) Do not use trade names in titles. Do not use abbreviations and acronyms in titles.

Enter name(s) of author(s) and author affiliation(s) with complete address(es).

Contact information for the corresponding author, including full name, complete mailing address, phone, fax, and e-mail address.

Short version of title (less than 40 letters and spaces).

Choice of journal section in which you would like your article to appear, from those listed above.

Provide previous address(es) of author(s) if research was conducted at a place different from current affiliation.

An abstract not exceeding 250 words; all acronyms and abbreviations defined; no references cited. State what was done, how it was done, major results, and conclusions.

Upon submission in ScholarOne Manuscripts, you will be asked to provide 5 keywords for indexing purposes. It is highly recommended to choose keywords from our established list in ScholarOne Manuscripts, when possible, to aid in consistency.

In two pages or less, review pertinent work, cite key references, explain importance of the subject matter, and state objectives of your work.

Main text
Main text should be organized in a manner considered most suitable for the information being presented.

Provide a rationale for why your study, innovative exercise, or new course development was undertaken.

Provide sufficient detail so work (process, assessment technique, procedure) can be repeated. Describe new methods in detail; accepted methods briefly with references. Use subheadings as needed for clarity.

Clearly state how your activity, technique, or classroom modification facilitates learning or advances knowledge.

Emphasize the importance of your contribution in the context of existing knowledge or common practice.

Use of Trade names. Trade names are to be avoided in defining products or services whenever possible. If naming a product or service trade name cannot be avoided, the trade names of other like products or service also should be mentioned, and first use should be accompanied by the superscript symbol ™ followed in parentheses by the owner’s name. If a product or service trade name is used, it is imperative that the product be described in sufficient detail so the nature of the product or service will be understood by professionally trained readers. Do not use trade names in titles.

Use of abbreviations and acronyms. At first text use, define in parentheses. Do not use abbreviations and acronyms in titles.

Discuss the limitations of your approach or innovation, and what future work would be useful.

State conclusions (not a summary) briefly.

List only those references cited in the text.

Required format is described below.

Number each table with Arabic numerals. Place a descriptive caption at the top of each table. Print one table per page. Columns and their headings are usually (but not always) used to display the dependent variable(s) being presented in the table. Footnotes should be identified by lower case letters appearing as superscripts in the body of the table and preceding the footnote below the table. The same data should not appear in both tables and figures.

Figures (graphs, charts, photographs, and other illustrations)(See Graphics Guide)
Supply one illustration per page with the figure number indicated. Figure captions should be double-spaced and listed consecutively on page(s) separate from figures; use Arabic numerals. Include one original set of illustrations with an original manuscript.

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce previously copyrighted illustrations. Proof or certification of permission to reproduce is required.

Lettering, data lines, and symbols must be sufficiently large so as to be clearly visible when the figure is reduced to a size commonly used in the journal.

List sources of financial or material support and the names of individuals whose contributions were significant but not deserving of authorship. Any conflicts of interest should be entered here.

Appendix or supplemental materials (usually not needed)
Examples of suitable kinds of material are survey results, lab guides, or videos/animations.

Multimedia (audio, video, and animation) files can be published as supplemental material Multimedia files must include important, ancillary information that is relevant to the parent article. The responsibility for scientific accuracy and file functionality remains entirely with the authors. A disclaimer will be displayed to this effect.

Quicktime, MPEG, or AVI video files are accepted. All video clips must be created with commonly-used codecs, and the codec used should be noted in the supporting information legend. Video files should be tested for playback before submission, preferably on computers not used for their creation, to check for any compatibility issues.

Review manuscripts
Essential elements (described elsewhere except for “text”) are title page, abstract, introduction, text, conclusion, and references. Summary tables and figures dealing with key points should be used liberally. The review should begin with a statement describing the importance of the topic and the objectives of the review. A standard format for headings in the text is not required, but headings and subheadings should be used whenever needed to improve the clarity and readability of the presentation. Authors are encouraged to consult with the Scientific Editor before preparing a review for consideration.


Manuscripts must follow the name-year reference format specified in Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. 2006, 7th ed. (New York: Cambridge Univ. Press). Cite only necessary publications and use primary rather than secondary references when possible. It is acceptable to cite work that is “forthcoming” (that is, accepted but not yet published) with the pertinent year and, if available, the DOI. Works that are “submitted” and under review are not to be cited.

In text
When the author’s name is part of the sentence structure, the citation consists of the year (in parenthesis) immediately following the name. Use “and others” rather than “et al.” In citations that are totally parenthetical, do not separate author and year with a comma. Use commas to separate publications in different years by the same author. Cite two or more publications of different authors in chronological sequence, from earliest to latest.


Smith (2003) showed that . . . :
. . . minimizes the variances (Chang 2012).
. . . work (Green and others 2011) has shown that . . .
. . . studies (Lucci and Mazzafera 2009, 2011) focused . . .
. . . work (Dawson 1999; Briggs 2004) demonstrated . . .
. . . reaction (Martín and others 2001a, b).

In Reference section
List only those references cited in the text. References are listed alphabetically by the first author’s last name. Single author precedes same author with co-authors. When the authors are identical in multiple references, sequence them by publication date (earliest to latest). Type references flush left as separate paragraphs. Below are examples of the most common types of references; for journal abbreviations and other examples of reference formats, please refer to articles in a recent issue of JFSE or contact the editorial office at jfs@ift.org.

Journal article: Author(s). Year. Article title. Journal abbreviation Volume(Issue optional): inclusive pages.
Belcourt LA, Labuza TP. 2007. Effect of raffinose on sucrose recrystallization and texture changes in soft cookies. J Food Sci 72:C65–71.

Note: If the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) of an article available online is known, include it at the end of the reference.

Chapter in book: Author(s) of chapter. Year. Title of chapter. In: Name(s), editor(s). Title of book. Edition or volume, if relevant. Place of publication: Publisher name. Inclusive pages of chapter.
Wypych G. 2004. Plasticizer motion and diffusion. In: Wypych C, editor. Handbook of plasticizers. Toronto: ChemTec Publishing. p 151–70.

Conference Proceedings and Reports: Author(s) or editor(s). Year. Title. Name of conference or publication; place of conference; date(s) of conference. Place of publication: publisher.
WHO. 2000. The medical impact of antimicrobial use in food animals. Report of a WHO Meeting; Berlin, Germany, 13–17 October 1997. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

Patent: Name of inventor(s) of the patented device or process; “inventor(s),” assignee. Year or date issued. Title. Patent descriptor [issuing country and patent number].
Liedl FG, Rowe KF, inventors. 2007. Nut butter and related products and method of making same. U.S. Patent 7235277.

Web sites and other internet material: Organization or publisher. Year (if relevant). Title or webpage or database. Edition (if relevant). URL. Accessed year month date.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2004. Review of the State of World Marine Fisheries Resources. General situation of world fish stocks. Available from: http://www.fao.org/newsroom/common/ecg/1000505/en/stocks.pdf. Accessed 2012 March 3.


Submitting Your Manuscript

Technical Requirements
IFT’s journals only accept submissions via our ScholarOne Manuscripts site.

Manuscripts must be submitted in an editable text format (filetype .doc, .docx, or .rtf). Your computer system must be equipped with: (1) current version of a common web browser, Java-enabled (2) current version of Adobe Acrobat Reader; (3) e-mail capability.

Getting Started
Enter http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jfs

Create an account or log in. Your default login ID is your e-mail address. (Use your existing account; do not create new accounts with new submissions.)

At the beginning of the submission procedure, you will be asked to select a journal section in which your article fits best.

Create a new submission, and select the manuscript type: 1 Education: Journal of Food Science Education.

Note: This site was designed for the Journal of Food Science, but has been modified to accommodate the Journal of Food Science Education and Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety.

Completing Submission
Follow the steps to complete each page in the submission form.

You must add all co-authors in the required space in the submission form. Provide valid e-mail addresses for all co-authors, and look them up in the system before creating any new accounts.

Figures (with captions) and tables (with captions) should be inserted at the end, after the references.

To assist in the review process, the SE, AE, or reviewer may request the author to submit the original data.

When prompted to do so, please provide the names, titles, and contact information (phone and fax number; postal and e-mail addresses) for up to 4 individuals you consider appropriate referees for your manuscript. Nonpreferred referees may also be named.

The final step to submit requires that you review your PDF submission. Please check that all of your files appear and are in the correct order.

Checking on the Status of Your Manuscript
During the review process, you may track the progress of your manuscript at any time by logging onto ScholarOne Manuscripts (http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jfs).

Peer Review
All submitted manuscripts are screened by the editor for importance, substance, appropriateness for the journal, general quality, and amount of new information provided. Those failing to meet current standards are rejected without further review. Those meetings these initial standards are sent to referees for peer review. Referees’ identities are not disclosed to the author. Author identities are disclosed to the referees. Referee comments are reviewed by a member of the JFSE Editorial Board and he/she, often after allowing the author to make changes in response to the referee’s comments, advises the Scientific Editors to either accept or reject the manuscript. You will be informed by the SE of the final decision.


After acceptance, the corresponding author will receive further information on copyright transfer and tracking production of your paper through Wiley’s Author Services.

We will use the accepted files on ScholarOne Manuscripts for production. If you need to make final edits suggested by the editor, please e-mail a final file as soon as possible to jfs@ift.org, or you may make those edits at the proofing stage.

Label all files with the assigned 8-digit manuscript ID number and, where necessary, table and figure numbers.

After production of your manuscript begins, you will receive a PDF proof via e-mail. so you can make any final minor corrections. You are responsible for all statements appearing in the page proof. If you are not available to review the page proof, you should authorize someone else to carefully study the page proof for errors.


If you encounter difficulties in submitting your manuscript to ScholarOne Manuscripts, or for any other queries, contact the editorial office at jfs@ift.org (phone: +1.312.604.0276, fax: +1.312.596.5676).

Your manuscript can only move through the submission, acceptance, and publishing phases if your user information is accurate and complete. If you move, change employment or change your e-mail address, let us know immediately. Please take time to look at your account (at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jfs) and verify that your information is up to date.

Publication of your manuscript will halt if we cannot reach you. It is your responsibility to contact us with any changes in your contact information.