Useful Abbreviations and Nomenclature

The information below provides a guide to useful abbreviations and nomenclature on the journal style adopted from the APA Style Manual.

Abbreviations

Do not abbreviate year, month, week, or day. 

For U.S. states, use the 2-letter postal abbreviation (for example, "CA" for "California")

Eq. Equation. Abbreviate if you are using the word with an equation number. Do not abbreviate if "Equation" begins the sentence. If citing more than one equation, do not make the abbreviation plural. Correct: ".... as seen in Eq. 1 and 5."
dia diameter
hr hour
min minute
s second
Dept. Department
Univ. University
Co. Company
Corp. Corporation

Formatting

Space between number and degree sign . . . 250 °C

Space between math symbols and number . . . . 35 ± 2 °C

Space between measurement and number . .25 mm

No space between % and number . . . . . . . 250%

Use serial comma . . . . . . . . . lions, tigers, and bears

Spell out numbers one through nine, unless given with a unit of measurement

Use a comma for the thousandth place . . . . . . . 1,000 microbes on the head of one pin 

etc. . . . . . . convert to "and so forth" or "and so on"

e.g., . . . . . .convert to "for example,"

i.e., . . . . . . convert to "that is,"

vs. . . . . . . .convert to "against" or "in contrast to"

manufacturer locations . . . . . include city, state, country: Peoria, IL, U.S.A.

 



Contact the JFS editorial office with questions not answered here or in the formal Author Guidelines.

Amanda Ferguson, Associate Director of Scientific Journals, Institute of Food Technologists, 525 W. Van Buren, Ste. 1000, Chicago, IL 60607; phone: 312.806.8088; e-mail: aferguson@ift.org.