Scientific Status Summary Archive

February 1, 2007

Reprints of documents listed below are available from the Department of Science and Communications. Documents published after April 1997 are available as PDF files. To request reprints, contact

S-034: Edible and Biodegradeable Polymer Films: Challenges and Opportunities
Presents the challenges and opportunities for using edible and biodegradeable polymer films as alternative food packaging. February 1997. 51[02]:61-74. Additional Reading bibliography

S-033: Glass transitions in low moisture and frozen foods: Effects on shelf life and quality
Describes the effects of glass transition and water plasticization on physicochemical properties of amorphous food matrices. Also evaluates the effects of glass transition related temperature-, water content-, and time-dependent phenomena on shelf life and quality of flow-moisture and frozen foods. November 1996. 50[11]: 95-108.

S-032: Seafood allergy and allergens: A review
Describes symptoms and pathogenesis of seafood allergy, including occupationally induced reactions. Also characterizes seafood allergens. October 1995. 49[10]:103-116.

S-031: Foodborne illness: Role of home food handling practices
Describes factors related to foodborne microbiological challenges and reviews the common causes of foodborne disease, particularly those related to home food handling practices; focuses on the important role of home food handling practices in reducing the risk of acquiring microbial foodborne illness. April 1995. 49[4]: 119-131.

S-030: Microbial attachment and biofilm formation: A new problem for the food industry
Describes how microbes attach to food and food processing surfaces and describes detrimental effects of the biofilms that subsequently form. July 1994.48[7]:107-115.

S-029: Microbial modeling
Discusses the modeling of pathogenic microorganisms in food and the application of such models. June 1994. 48[6]: 113-120.

S-028: Human obesity
Analyzes causes of obesity, including demographic and personal factors, and calls for new forms of treatment. February 1994. 48[2]: 127-138.

S-027: Browning of foods: Control by sulfites, antioxidants, and other means
Focuses on controlling enzymatic browning in fruits, vegetables and shellfish. October 1993. 47[10]: 75-84.

S-026: Potential mechanisms for food-related carcinogens and anticarcinogens
Focuses on ways dietary carcinogens and anti-carcinogenic modulators may influence variance in cancer rates among humans. February 1993.47[2]:105-118.

S-025: Medical foods
Reviews medical foods, including regulatory aspects, classification systems, processing opportunities, and unique technologies and ingredients used in their manufacture. April 1992.46[4]: 87-96.

S-024: Government regulation of food safety: Interaction of scientific and societal forces
Reviews roles of federal, state, and local governments in safeguarding consumers against hazards associated with the food supply. January 1992. 46[1]:73-80.

S-023: Foods from aquaculture
Discusses benefits of aquaculture, or fish farming, and the nutritional value, quality, and market forms of the species cultured. September 1991.45[9]: 87-92.

S-022: Effective management of food packaging: From production to disposal
Discusses food packaging's multiple roles: food protection, waste reduction, product information, etc. May 1991. 45[5]: 225-234

S-021: Organically grown foods
Concludes that purchasing organically grown foods cannot be justified on the basis of nutrition, taste, or freedom from pesticides. December 1990.44[12]:123-130.

S-020: Quality of fruits and vegetables
Discusses the aspects of fruits and vegetables: quality, chemical composition, nutritive value, shelf-life, and safety. June 1990. 44[6]:99-106.

S-019: Food flavors
Outlines the aspects of food flavors: types, characteristics, occurrence in foods, regulation, and developments in extraction, isolation, identification, and sensory evaluation. December 1989. 43[12]: 99-106.

S-018B: Dietary fiber
Discusses the components, properties, and benefits of dietary fiber. October 1989. 43[10]: 133-139.

S-018A: Low-calorie foods
Reviews low-calorie foods, beverages, and other dietary items and their labeling and efficacy. April 1989. 43[4]: 113-125.

S-017: Microwave food processing
Examines the use of microwaves in food processing and home preparation. January 1989. 43[1]: 117-126.

S-016: Virus transmission via foods
Analyzes viral properties, viruses associated with past and current problems, new developments, foods and vehicles of transmission, modes of infection, and laboratory detection. October 1988. 42[10]: 241-248.

S-015: Migration of toxicants, flavors, and odor-active substances from flexible packaging materials
Discusses the interaction between food and packaging. July 1988. 42[7]: 95-103.

S-014: Bacteria associated with foodborne diseases
Reviews the pathogenic significance, association with foods, and control measures for the microorganisms linked most commonly with foodborne illnesses. April 1988.42[4]: 181-200.

S-013: The risk/benefit concept as applied to food
Discusses the need to clarify the risk/benefit concept, along with risk quantification, assessment, and regulation. March 1988.42[3]:199-207.

S-012: Food biotechnology
Summarizes developments in food biotechnology and concludes that benefits include cost savings and product improvement. January 1988. 42[1]: 133-146.

S-011: Vitamins as functional additives in processed foods
Reviews functional roles that vitamins play in food processing, including use of vitamins as antioxidants and colorants. September 1987. 41[9]:163-168.

S-010: MSG
Concludes that monosodium glutamate MSG is safe for human consumption and presents information on the flavor enhancer, including human taste perception, flavor properties, idiosyncratic reactions after consumption, and regulations regarding labeling and safety. May 1987.41[5]: 143-150.

S-009: Nitrate, nitrite, and nitro compounds in foods
Reviews the curing process, microbiology of nitrite, research on nitrosocompounds, and sources of nitrosamines in foods and their formation in the body. April1987. 41[4]:127-135.