Researchers from the UK and France have found that a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAP) improved some gut symptoms and improved health-related quality of life for sufferers of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Their research study was published in Gastroenterology.
For the four-week diet study, the researchers analyzed 52 patients who suffer from IBD and had persistent gut symptoms despite no ongoing gut inflammation. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups. The first group received a low FODMAP diet, restricting intakes of foods such as wheat, dairy, onions, and garlic. The second group received a controlled “normal” FODMAP diet. A majority (52%) of patients consuming the low FODMAP diet reported adequate relief of gut symptoms such as swelling of the stomach and flatulence, had a greater reduction in gut symptom severity, and had a higher health-related quality of life score.
“While we know that the low FODMAP diet is effective in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), this is the first randomized trial showing that it’s effective in reducing common gut symptoms experienced by patients with IBD in remission. This improves health-related quality of life in these patients,” stated lead researcher Selina Cox from King’s College London.
The researchers also discovered that the low FODMAP diet reduces certain gut bacteria, such as Bifidobacteria, that may be beneficial to health and may reduce inflammation. Despite the changes in beneficial bacteria, gut inflammation did not appear to increase after the low FODMAP diet in patients with IBD.
“We carried out this randomized controlled trial to establish whether these common gut symptoms in patients with IBD in remission could be managed by the low FODMAP diet. Indeed, this could represent a safe and cost-effective management option,” said researcher Kevin Whelan from King’s College London.
The research team plans to study the effects of a longer-term low FODMAP diet and establish the effect of FODMAP reintroduction on gut symptoms and gut bacteria.
Researchers at Western University have identified a molecule found in oranges and tangerines that could hold the key to reversing obesity and regressing plaque build-up in arteries.
Researchers from Towson University developed a method for determining where a particular chocolate was produced using its chemical “fingerprint,” with the hopes that it could one day be used to trace the chocolate back to the farm that grew the beans.
The durian fruit stinks. Literally. The fruit from Southeast Asia is said to at best smell like rotten onions. Now, new research has found that an amino acid plays a role in giving the durian fruit its notorious smell.
For as long as humans have been growing food crops, pests and pathogens have been attacking them. For one fungal pathogen, scientists in the United Kingdom have figured out a way to use its own biology to prevent it from destroying crops.
According to The Washington Post, coronavirus outbreaks at meatpacking plants across the United States have forced temporary closures and resulted in a backlog of hundreds of thousands of animals that were ready to be slaughtered weeks ago but increasingly have nowhere to go.
U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue has announced that households in an additional 13 states will soon be able to purchase food online with their Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits.
According to Reuters, China has asked trading firms and food processors to boost inventories of grains and oilseeds as a possible second wave of coronavirus cases and worsening infection rates elsewhere raise concerns about global supply lines.
U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue has announced the approval of a request from Wisconsin to provide online purchasing of food to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) households.
U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue has announced that Maine, North Dakota, West Virginia, and Vermont have been approved to operate Pandemic Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT).