Food scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have demonstrated that an easy-to-use mathematical model can help NASA (U.S. space agency) quickly measure the nutrient levels in foods prepared for astronauts.
The commercial and custom-formulated food that NASA astronauts eat during space missions has been carefully chosen to make sure that they are getting the Recommended Dietary Allowances of nutrients. Retaining nutrients in these foods during long-duration spaceflight missions is extremely important. There was not much known about the degradation of certain vitamins in the food products, so the researchers set out to learn more about this.
The researchers used a novel degradation modeling program and “Endpoints Method” that they developed to examine the degradation kinetics of vitamin B1 (thiamine) in three different spaceflight foods (brown rice, split pea soup, and barbeque beef brisket) during long-term storage at three temperatures. The mathematical model was able to accurately and quickly predict how vitamin B1 degrades over time (two years of storage). They hope that the modeling tool will help NASA as it prepares for long-duration space missions such as a journey to Mars.
Scientists at the University of Illinois recently completed a study—published in Global Change Biology—on the effect ozone pollution has on corn.
New research into the accumulation of two important compounds in chili peppers may help plant breeders understand what contributes to the increasing and decreasing levels of these compounds as chili peppers develop and could also provide insights into the development of food ingredients.
The discovery of an unusual fish that sustains itself by consuming a vegetarian diet of specialized algae holds promise as a more sustainable source of dietary protein for humans.
According to Reuters, fresh fruit and vegetables will become increasingly scarce in Europe as the coronavirus pandemic hampers the global movement of produce and of the people needed to gather crops.
Bolthouse Farms has agreed to acquire Arizona-based Rousseau Farming’s carrot operations.
Unlocking the full potential of cannabis for agriculture and human health will require a coordinated scientific effort to assemble and map the cannabis genome, according to an international study led by researchers at the University of Saskatchewan (USask).
Urban horticulture may hold the key to providing local populations with their supply of fresh fruit and vegetables, according to a study published in Nature Food.
A study published in Nature Communications sheds new light on the underlying genetic mechanism that causes suppression, potentially removing a barrier to developing crops with stronger immunity using modern genomic tools.