Examination of the Impaired Fasting Glucose data from the 1999–2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) suggests that 27 million United States adolescents alone are at risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease (Williams, 2005). The prevalence of diabetes in the U.S. in 2005 exceeds 20 million, or about 7% of the total population, with estimated annual health-care costs of approximately $132 billion.

Whether we are discussing type 1 diabetes, previously known as…

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  1. Food, Health and Nutrition