Bruce R . Hamaker, Choon Young Kim,

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Obesity and obesity-related metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease are a substantial threat to public health. Since 1980, the prevalence of obesity in the United States has doubled, and two-thirds of the adult population is now considered overweight or obese (Flegal et al., 2010). Even though activity level and other lifestyle changes may be contributors to the obesity outbreak, the core factor appears to be an increasing caloric intake during this period (Hill et …

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  2. Carbohydrate