A study published in JAMA Internal Medicine suggests that a diet high in ultra-processed foods (UPF) may increase the risk for type 2 diabetes.

In this population-based prospective cohort study, the researchers included 104,707 participants aged 18 or older from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort (2009–2019). They collected dietary intake data using repeated 24-hour dietary records designed to register participants’ usual consumption for more than 3,500 different food items. These were categorized according to their degree of processing by the NOVA classification system.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (pdf), examples of what NOVA categorizes ultra-processed products include, “carbonated soft drinks; sweet, fatty, or salty packaged snacks; candies (confectionery); mass produced packaged breads and buns, cookies (biscuits), pastries, cakes, and cake mixes; margarine and other spreads; sweetened breakfast cereals and fruit yogurt and energy drinks; pre-prepared meat, cheese, pasta and pizza dishes; poultry and fish nuggets and sticks; sausages, burgers, hot dogs, and other reconstituted meat products; powdered and packaged instant soups, noodles, and desserts; baby formula; and many other types of product.”

There were 821 cases of type 2 diabetes over an average six years of follow-up. After controlling for age, sex, family history of diabetes, and many dietary and behavioral factors, the researchers found that for each absolute increase of 10% in the weight of UPF in the diet, the risk for diabetes increased by 13%. For every 100 g (3.5 oz) increase in the weight of UPF consumed, the risk for diabetes increased by 5%.

The researchers concluded that “even though these results need to be confirmed in other populations and settings, they provide evidence to support efforts by public health authorities to recommend limiting UPF consumption.”

Abstract

More News right arrow

COVID-19’s impact on lifestyles and eating behaviors in Asia

According to Innova Market Insights’ COVID-19 Consumer Survey (conducted in March 2020), in China, India, and Indonesia, personal concerns center on health, personal income, and the availability of healthcare and products to buy.

Purina invests $167 million to expand U.S. production

Nestlé Purina has announced it will expand its operations in Cumberland County, Pa., hiring 94 additional employees and adding new processing and packaging lines to its Mechanicsburg location.

USDA provides an update on 2019 Tyson beef plant closure and COVID-19 investigation

The report, prepared by USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service in coordination with the Office of the Chief Economist, summarizes market conditions, fed cattle prices, boxed beef values, and the spread before and after the fire and plant closure at the Tyson Holcomb, Kan., plant, and before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

A low-carb diet may lower the risk of blinding eye disease

Following a long-term diet that’s low in carbohydrates and high in fat and protein from vegetables may reduce the risk of the most common subtype of glaucoma, according to a study published in Eye-Nature.

FDA announces qualified health claim for cranberry products and urinary tract infections

The U.S. FDA has announced in a letter of enforcement discretion that it does not intend to object to the use of certain qualified health claims regarding consuming certain cranberry products and a reduced risk of recurrent urinary tract infection in healthy women.