Epidemiology studies have linked tea consumption to lower risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality, but conclusions remain inconsistent and may not be applicable to the Chinese population due to different tea cultures and lifestyles, as well as disease spectrums. A study published in the European Journal of Preventive Care explores the associations of tea consumption with the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and all-cause mortality in more than 100,000 Chinese adults.
The researchers utilized data from the project of Prediction for ASCVD Risk in China (China-PAR) in 15 provinces across China since 1998. Information on tea consumption was collected through standardized questionnaires and outcomes were identified by interviewing study participants or their proxies and checking hospital records and/or death certificates. Participants were classified as habitual tea drinkers (≥3 times/week) and never or non-habitual tea drinkers (<3 times/week). Overall, 31.6% of all participants (48.2% men and 20.4% women) drank tea ≥3 times/week at baseline.
During a median follow-up of 7.3 years, the researchers found that habitual tea consumption was associated with more disease-free years and greater life expectancy. In fact, habitual tea drinkers had 1.41 more years free of ASCVD disease and life expectancy that was 1.26 years longer at the index age of 50 years.
The researchers concluded that “tea might be a healthy beverage for primary prevention against ASCVD and premature death.”
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