Grain milling is the oldest food manufacturing process in the world. Cereal grains are mostly milled to produce flour, which becomes the main ingredient in bakery, pasta, and various processed food products. The wheat milling process involves mainly two primary operations: grinding and separation. Grinding of various grains is carried out primarily using a roller mill or a stone mill using both shearing and compression forces. Separation is typically handled by a sifter according to particle siz…

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    About the Authors

    Amrita Ray, PhD, is milling specialist with Northern Crops Institute based in Fargo, N.D. She is an active member of the IFT Carbohydrate Division (amrita.ray@ndsu@edu).
    Fatemeh Zare, PhD, is a food scientist with the Northern Crops Institute ([email protected]).