In an earlier article (Cowell, 1995), a case was made that (a) the French inventor Phillipe de Girard introduced the tin can; (b) Peter Durand was acting as Girard’s agent when he patented the process in England (Durand, 1810); and (c) Durand was acting as Girard’s mouthpiece in the “Observations by the Patentee” that accompanied the publication of this patent in the September 1811 edition of the Repertory of Arts, Manufactures and Agriculture.

The City of London Tavern was essentially a substantial suite of function rooms at which many public meetings and dinners were held, as illustrated by this 1814 interior view of the tavern where the emancipation of Holland from France was being celebrated. Nicholas Appert, the inventor of canning—using glass bottles, not cans—traveled to London in 1814 and seemed to have achieved a remarkable intimacy with the tavern within a short time. Illustration: City of London Tavern interior, by Thomas Rowlandson and J. Shepherd, aquatint (1814),

Crucial to this earlier investigation were the corre…

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