The Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) publishes peer-reviewed scientific journals to provide high-quality research on the science and technology of food. The Journal of Food Science (JFS), available with subscription online, provides results of original research and short interpretive reviews on the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of food science and technology. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety (CRFSFS), available online, provides in-depth interpretive reviews in these same areas and in risk analysis. IFT is dedicated to maintaining the highest standards of professional ethics, accuracy, and quality in all matters related to handling manuscripts and reporting scientific information.
Scientific Editor: Mary Ellen Camire, PhD, University of Maine
Editor in Chief: Richard Hartel, PhD, University of Wisconsin-Madison
The aim of Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety is to offer scientists a variety of unique reviews dealing with food science and technology. CRFSFS publishes in-depth, extended (>10,000 words including references) reviews that address the chemical, microbiological, physical, sensory, and nutritional properties of foods, food processing and engineering, analytical methods, and packaging. Reviews on nutritional properties of foods should not focus solely on isolated compounds and in vitro research but should provide readers with a realistic perspective of how foods as eaten may influence health as well as how food processing, consumer practices, and storage influence the bioactivity of the food components. Reviews addressing topics in consumer food behavior, psychological aspects of food selection and consumption, risk assessment and management, and the scientific basis of food regulations are also considered. Reviews dealing with agronomy, food crop breeding, or non-food applications of food components are discouraged. Papers addressing food issues in a single nation are also not likely to be considered.
Occasionally, special government and institutional reports are published, as well as symposium proceedings deemed to be comprehensive. Authors are advised to consult prior issues of the journal to avoid duplication of topics, since only unique reviews will be considered. This journal does not extend invitations to authors, but researchers may wish to consult the Scientific Editor regarding the suitability of the topic prior to submission.
IFT’s has dedicated itself to three important pillars: diversity, inclusion, and equity, with the goal to leverage all three to advance our mission and the science of food. We are committed to fostering diverse and inclusive editorial boards, reviewer pools, and authorship of IFT’s scientific journals. Learn more about DEI at IFT.
Authorship is restricted to those who meet the ICMJE criteria, those who have:
Ghost, guest, honorary, or anonymous authorship is not allowed. Contributors who do not qualify for authorship should be mentioned in the acknowledgments.
We advise against the submission of a manuscript by a single author, particularly those who have not attained their final degree, because multiple authors reviewing the manuscript before submission are more likely to identify mistakes that can easily be addressed. The addition or removal of authors after the initial submission is discouraged and requires consultation with the Scientific Editor.
When submitting a manuscript, the submitting author will be asked to enter each co-author’s name and contact information, then select from a drop-down list each author’s contribution(s) to the work using the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT) as well as the degree of contribution for each role (Lead, Equal, or Supporting).
From this metadata, an Author Contributions section will be generated automatically during the production process and added to the proof of the manuscript.
Authors may have multiple roles, and the ICMJE authorship criteria still apply—for example, a person whose only contribution to the work is Resources may not qualify as an author but can be thanked in the acknowledgments.
For CRFSFS, authorship is not restricted. Peer review is the best of all possible quality assurance systems. However, authors relatively new to a field, such as recent graduate students and individuals without prior publications on the subject under review, must have at least one co-author with recognized experience in that area. In addition to the stated requirements for authors, expectations from authors of comprehensive reviews are:
The corresponding author must verify, on behalf of all authors (if more than one), that neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content has been published, accepted for publication, or is being considered for publication elsewhere, except as described in an attachment. It is the authors’ responsibility to ensure the integrity of all submitted works. For further guidance, see the Wiley Publication Ethics Guide.
The editorial staff will check all manuscripts for plagiarism and improperly-cited content with similarity detection software. If sections are found that are (1) the same as in authors’ previous manuscripts (self-plagiarism) or (2) copied from other manuscripts, they will be considered ethical violations and the manuscript will be rejected and author sanctions considered.
Each author must disclose any meaningful affiliation or involvement, direct or indirect, with any organization or entity with a direct financial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed (e.g., employment, consultancies, stock ownership, grants, patents received or pending, royalties, honoraria, expert testimony) in the past 3 years, or longer if readers might perceive that a potential conflict of interest exists. In the interest of transparency, it is better to err on the side of caution and disclose any perceived conflicts. These kinds of financial involvement are fairly common, unavoidable, and generally do not constitute a basis for rejecting a manuscript. A disclosure statement should be included at the end of the manuscript under the heading “Conflicts of Interest”.
In addition, a separate section “Funding” should list all sources of financial support for the work. Materials support and contributions from individuals who don’t qualify as authors should be acknowledged in the “Acknowledgments” section.
Opinions expressed in articles published in an IFT journal are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent opinions of IFT. IFT does not guarantee the appropriateness, for any purpose, of any method, product, process, or device described or identified in an article. Trade names, when used, are only for identification and do not constitute endorsement by IFT.
Authors are expected to adhere to established ethical best practices, such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) International Standards for Authors (link to PDF).
All submissions to IFT's journals are screened for overlap with other previously-published materials using iThenticate software. Manuscripts with excessive overlap will be rejected outright after review by editorial staff.
For manuscripts published under the traditional/default model, the corresponding author will be asked to digitally sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement on behalf of all authors upon acceptance of the manuscript, transferring copyright to IFT (except in cases where the work cannot be copyrighted, e.g., works authored solely by U.S. government employees as part of their employment duties).
For manuscripts published Open Access, a Creative Commons (CC-BY) license is used.
Reproduction of all or any significant portion of an IFT publication is prohibited unless permission is received from IFT. Authors have the right to reproduce portions of their own papers with proper acknowledgment and retain the right to any patentable subject material that might be contained therein. Authors can obtain permission online through Rightslink, which is an automated online permissions service available 24 hours/day. You can do so by locating the article you want to reuse and clicking on the “Request Permissions” link under the “Article Tools” menu on the abstract page.
Factors considered when judging the suitability of a manuscript for publication are: interest readers will have in the subject; relevance to human foods; originality, scientific quality (including appropriateness of the experimental design and methods, depth of investigation, proper statistical analysis of the data); importance and substance of the results; and the thoroughness and accuracy with which the results are interpreted. IFT membership is not a prerequisite for publication.
There is a 10,000-word minimum and 25,000 word maximum (text plus references) for papers in CRFSFS. Reviews under 10,000 words should be submitted to the JFS "Concise Reviews and Hypotheses in Food Science" section.
If your review has original data, we encourage you to share the data and other artifacts supporting the results in the paper by archiving it in an appropriate public repository. Authors should include a data accessibility statement, including a link to the dataset under an additional subhead, entitled "Data Availability", after the Conclusions section. Visit re3data.org or fairsharing.org to help identify registered and certified data repositories relevant to your research.
If the data has not been archived in a public repository, to assist in the review process, the editors may request the original data for review.
All submitted manuscripts are screened by the Scientific Editor for language, importance, interest to subscribers, substance, appropriateness for the journal, unique topic, and general scientific quality. Those failing to meet current standards are rejected by the Scientific Editor without further review. Those manuscripts meeting these initial standards are sent to an Associate Editor, who assigns referees (also called “reviewers”).
When the initial review is complete, the Associate Editor will send you the referees’ suggestions along with his or her suggestions. You are expected to respond in a cover letter to all suggestions either by making appropriate revisions or stating why the suggestions are unreasonable. The Associate Editor will consider your revisions, and provide the Scientific Editor with a recommendation to accept, revise, or reject your manuscript. Occasionally a peer- reviewer insists on a re-evaluation. If a second revision of a manuscript is still not satisfactory, it may be rejected. You will be informed by the Scientific Editor of the final decision.
There are no page charges for IFT Premier, Student, or Emeritus Members. To join IFT to take advantage of this benefit, visit the Membership section of this site.
For non-IFT-members and IFT Networking & Engagement members, page charges of $95 per page are assessed just prior to publication.
Alternatively, authors can publish their article Open Access at the current Open Access APC rate.
If none of the authors is able to join IFT to get the free publishing benefit, authors may request a waiver of publication charges after acceptance of the manuscript, prior to publication. Waivers will be granted to authors based in eligible Research4Life countries.
An author’s ability to pay for page charges is not a factor in consideration of submissions. Waiver requests should be e-mailed to the Editorial Office at [email protected].
An Open Access option is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers upon publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With Open Access, the author, the author’s funding agency, or the author’s institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency’s preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see https://authorservices.wiley.com/author-resources/Journal-Authors/open-access/hybrid-open-access.html.
Open Access articles are subject to a Creative Commons license, instead of traditional copyright transfer to IFT. After acceptance, the author can choose the Open Access option in Wiley Author Services when asked to complete copyright information.
This journal accepts artwork submissions for Cover Images. This is an optional service you can use to help increase article exposure and showcase your research. For more information, including artwork guidelines, pricing, and submission details, please visit the Journal Cover Image page. Wiley Editing Services offers a professional cover image design service that creates eye-catching images, ready to be showcased on the journal cover.
CRFSFS works together with Wiley’s Open Access Journal, Food Science & Nutrition, to enable rapid publication of good quality research that is unable to be accepted for publication by our journal. Authors will be offered the option of having the paper, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Editor of Food Science & Nutrition. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. The Editor of Food Science & Nutrition will accept submissions that report well-conducted research which reaches the standard acceptable for publication. Food Science & Nutrition is a Wiley Open Access journal and article publication fees apply. For more information, please go to www.foodscience-nutrition.com.
Use the English language (American spelling and usage) and the SI system (Système International d’Unités, often referred to as “International Units”) for measurements and units.
Your manuscript should be consistent with APA style, detailed in the current edtion of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Refer to apastyle.org for examples or contact the Editorial Office ([email protected]) with questions.
Failure to comply with these formatting instructions can result in automatic return of the manuscript without review. Try to restrict individual file sizes to 5Mb maximum. Larger files may be hosted, but these can lead to download issues for users.
A manuscript template in Microsoft® Word is available to help you format your submission.
A listing of major section headers or table of contents helps readers navigate the manuscript. This is not published with the paper, but helps for the review process.
State conclusions (not a summary or continuing discussion) briefly in one paragraph and without references.
List all sources of financial support.
List the names of contributors who are not authors.
Declare any conflicts of interest, or state that there are none to declare.
If you have deposited an original dataset to a repository, link to it in a brief statement here.
Enter a list of abbreviations used in the manuscript and their definitions.
Alphabetically list only those references cited in the text. Required format is described below.
Examples are complicated calculations or additional data tables.
Multimedia (audio, video, and animation) files demonstrating important information relevant to the article can be published as supplemental material. The responsibility for scientific accuracy and file functionality remains entirely with the authors. A disclaimer will be displayed to this effect.
Manuscripts must follow the name-year reference format specified in APA style, detailed in the Publication Manual of the Americal Psychological Association, 7th Edition, 2020. Refer to apastyle.org for examples. Cite only necessary publications and use primary rather than secondary references when possible. It is acceptable to cite work that is “forthcoming” (that is, accepted but not yet published) with the pertinent year and, if available, the DOI. Works that are “submitted” and under review are not to be cited. Use of reference management software such as EndNote is highly recommended.
When the author’s name is part of the sentence structure, the citation consists of the year (in parenthesis) immediately following the name. Otherwise, place both the name and the year in parentheses, separated by a comma. If the work has two authors, cite with both names. If the work has three or more authors, always cite with the first author’s surname followed by “et al.” Use commas to separate publications in different years by the same author. Cite two or more publications of different authors in chronological sequence, from earliest to latest, separated by semicolons.
Wlodkowski (2008) showed that…
…was shown (Wlodkowski, 2008).
Walker and Allen (2004) demonstrated…
…was demonstrated (Walker & Allen, 2004).
Pei et al. (2015) [3 or more authors, always cite with “et al.”]
… studies (Lucci & Mazzafera, 2009, 2011) focused…
… work (Dawson, 1999; Briggs, 2004) demonstrated…
List only references cited in the text. List references alphabetically by the first author’s last name. Single author precedes same author with co-authors. When the authors are identical in multiple references, sequence them by publication date (earliest to latest). References must be complete, containing up to 20 author's surnames and all relevant publication data, including DOI whenever possible. In the case of references to papers presented at a meeting, the full title of the paper, when and where it was presented, and the name of the sponsoring society must be given. Below are examples of the most common types of references; for journal abbreviations and other examples of reference formats, please refer to apastyle.org or contact the Editorial Office.
IFT’s journals only accept submissions via our ScholarOne Manuscripts site.
Manuscripts must be submitted in an editable text format (filetype .doc, .docx, or .rtf). Your computer system must be equipped with: (1) current version of a common web browser, (2) current version of Adobe Acrobat Reader, and (3) e-mail capability.
Create an account or log in. Your default login ID is your email address. (Use your existing account; do not create new accounts with new submissions.)
Create a new submission and select the manuscript type: Comprehensive Review.
Note: This site is within an IFT ScholarOne portal which also includes the Journal of Food Science submission site. Your account will work for both journals, and you can navigate between journals using the journal drop-down menu on the home page of each journal's site.
After acceptance, the corresponding author will receive further information on copyright transfer and tracking production of your paper through Wiley Author Services.
We will use the accepted files on ScholarOne Manuscripts for production. If you need to make final edits suggested by the editor, please e-mail a final file as soon as possible to [email protected], or you may make those edits at the proofing stage. Label all electronic files or hard-copy figures with the assigned manuscript ID number and figure numbers.
A few weeks after production of your manuscript begins, you will receive a PDF proof via e-mail so you can make any final minor corrections. You are responsible for all statements appearing in the page proof. If you are not available to review the page proof, you should authorize someone else to carefully study the page proof for errors.
After publication, if a mistake is noticed, authors may issue corrigenda to fix errors made by the authors or request that the journal issue an erratum to correct errors made during the production process.
In cases where authors wish to change their name following publication, Wiley will update and republish the paper and redeliver the updated metadata to indexing services. Our editorial and production teams will use discretion in recognizing that name changes may be of a sensitive and private nature for various reasons including (but not limited to) alignment with gender identity, or as a result of marriage, divorce, or religious conversion. Accordingly, to protect the author’s privacy, we will not publish a correction notice to the paper, and we will not notify co-authors of the change. Authors should contact the journal’s Editorial Office with their name change request.
If you encounter difficulties in submitting your manuscript to ScholarOne Manuscripts, or for any other queries, contact the editorial office at:
Email: [email protected]
Office phone: +1.312.806.0246
To understand where the future of work in the science of food is headed, it’s necessary to first look at how the industry has changed, explained the panelists at an IFT Careers InFocus virtual event session titled “The Future of Work.”
Speaking at IFT’s recent Careers InFocus virtual event and career fair, Andrew Yang, the founder of Venture for America and former U.S. presidential candidate, shared his perspective on the massive changes that are affecting the way we work.
Employment inequities related to gender and race are real, and correcting them must be a priority, but it isn’t going to happen overnight, said panelists at an IFT Careers InFocus virtual event session.
The National Honey Board (NHB) is currently accepting pre-proposals for honey food-pairings to help Americans consume a Mediterranean diet pattern. Interested researchers need to submit a short pre-proposal by November 13, 2020.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing changes to its export listing procedures for dairy and infant formula firms seeking to export their products to China.
In recent years, foodborne pollutants have become a hot issue in the field of food safety. 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol (3-MCPD) is a widely existing food contaminant. In our previous study, it was confirmed that 3-MCPD can block autophagic flux by inhibiting lysosomal function, thus causing liver injury. Ginseng is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that contains a variety of bioactive ingredients, among which ginsenoside Rb1 (Gs-Rb1) is the most abundant. In this study, we aim to use Gs-Rb1 to improve 3-MCPD-induced autophagic flux blockage to alleviate liver injury. First, a nontoxic dose of Gs-Rb1 was identified by screening with the MTT method in which Gs-Rb1was added to HepG2 cells and co-treated with 3-MCPD. We found that Gs-Rb1 effectively enhanced the cell activity inhibited by 3-MCPD. Meanwhile, apoptosis data showed that Gs-Rb1 significantly alleviated the apoptosis of HepG2 cells induced by 3-MCPD. Subsequently, we found that Gs-Rb1 could alleviate autophagic flux blockage caused by 3-MCPD in a dose-dependent manner by detecting autophagy-related protein levels and transfecting mRFP-GFP-LC3 adenovirus. On this basis, we used Western blotting and qPCR to explore whether miR-128 was involved in the alleviation effect of Gs-Rb1 on autophagic flux blockade induced by 3-MCPD. The results showed that Gs-Rb1 inhibited the expression of miR-128 and promoted the nuclear expression and target gene transcription of TFEB. Finally, the findings were confirmed by using a hsa-miR-128 inhibitor and mimic. We found that hsa-miR-128 inhibitor alleviated the autophagic flux blockage and apoptosis caused by 3-MCPD and Gs-Rb1 also had a certain alleviation effect on the autophagic flux blockage and apoptosis caused by hsa-miR-128 mimic. This study elaborated the mechanism by which Gs-Rb1 alleviates hepatotoxicity induced by foodborne 3-MCPD by stimulating autophagic flux via miR-128-targeted TFEB, which provides a reliable theoretical basis and target for the use of natural substances to reduce the harm of food processing pollutants on the human body.
Trans fats are desired by the edible oil industry as they impart firmness, plasticity, and oxidative stability to oil. However, clinical trials have demonstrated the adverse effects of trans fats in food on human health and nutrition. Regulatory actions have been taken up by government and non-government bodies worldwide to eliminate the presence of trans fats in the food supply. The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a “REPLACE” action plan to eliminate trans-fat from the global food industry by 2023. A few enabling technologies are developed to mitigate trans fats namely, trait-enhanced oils, modification in the hydrogenation process, interesterification, fractionation, blending, and oleogelation. Some of them have the drawback of replacing trans-fat with saturated fats. Interesterification and oleogelation are in-trend techniques with excellent potential in replacing trans fats without compromising the desired functionality and nutritional quality attributes. This review presents an overview of trans fatty acid for example, its dietary intake in food products, possible adverse health impact, regulations, and approaches to reduce the usage of trans fats for food application.
In STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) courses, undergraduate laboratory classes are vital for students to develop competencies such as critical observation, collaboration, critical thinking, technical, and problem-solving skills. Thus, for students to successfully acquire these competencies, preparation for laboratory classes is essential. This study aimed to explore the students' performance and perceptions of online pre-laboratory videos and quizzes in undergraduate food science and technology. Quantitative data on student usage statistics of the videos, student performance in online quizzes and practical reports scores and student perceptions were analysed to provide a detailed perspective of the course. The students' performance was above 60% in all pre-lab quizzes for both the 2018 and 2019 cohorts. The average pre-lab video views were higher in the 2019 cohorts compared to the 2018 cohort. The majority of the students felt that the topics were well explained in the videos (M = 4.25 ± 0.84) and it was easy to learn from the videos (M = 4.31 ± 0.76). In terms of students perceptions, a strong positive correlations were found between course organisation and motivation and self-efficacy (r = 0.86, p < 0.05); course engagement and motivation and self-efficacy (r = 0.82, p < 0.05). The strongest positive correlation was between course organisation and online engagement (r = 0.95, p < 0.05). The results of this study suggest that the introduction of multimodal/digital preparation resources (pre-lab videos and online quizzes) was positively received and benefited the students. Students have engaged enthusiastically with these resources and completed the majority of the tasks set. These findings will further expand research directed towards student perception of the lab experience and aid in the adaptation of food science and technology curriculums to accommodate both student and university needs.
Lutein was enzymatically acylated with saturated fatty acid vinyl esters of different lengths of carbon chain (C6-C14) under the action of Candida antarctica lipase B (Novozyme 435). The acylation reaction was optimized by considering substrate molar ratio, reaction solvent, type of enzyme, and reaction time. The highest yield (88%) was obtained using the Novozyme 435 to catalyze the acylation reaction of lutein and vinyl decanoate (lutein/vinyl decanoate molar ratio of 1/10) for 16 h in methyl tert-butyl ether. Ten lutein esters were synthesized, isolated, and purified, which were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. We found that the acylation of lutein improved its antioxidant capacity in lipid system and thermal stability. Our study extended the potential application of lutein in lipophilic food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries.