Dietary fiber has been recognized as a contributing factor in human health for more than 50 years (Hipsley, 1953). Building on the pioneering work of Burkitt and Trowell (1975) in East Africa in the early 1970s, medical researchers began to recognize that high levels of fiber in the diet play a significant role in offsetting chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain cancers. Even at that early stage, dietary fiber was recognized to be the remnants of plant cell walls…

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